ECE _ DSST Organizational Behavior

Therefore the matrix has a dual chain of command a

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Unformatted text preview: Therefore, the matrix has a dual chain of command. A strength of the matrix lies in its ability to facilitate coordination when the organization has a multiplicity of complex and interdependent activities. A major disadvantage of the matrix lies in the confusion it creates, its potential to foster power struggles, and the stress it places on individuals. An organic type of organization is relatively informal--it does not have a strict authority hierarchy. An organic type of organization is structured to encourage flexibility and change and is typified by decentralized decision-making. Team structure is the use of teams as the central device to coordinate work activities. The primary characteristics of the team structure are that it breaks down departmental barriers and decentralizes decision making to the level of the work team. Team structures also require employees to be generalists and well as spets. In smaller companies, the team structure can define the entire organization. For instance, Imedia, a 30-person marketing firm in New Jersey, is organized completely around teams that have full responsibility for most operational issues and client services. A virtual organization is a small, core organization that outsources major business functions. In structural terms, the virtual organization is highly centralized, with little or no departmentalization. Virtual organizations have created networks of relationships that allow them to contract out manufacturing, distribution, marketing, or any other business function where management feels others can do it better or cheaper. The major advantage of this structure is its flexibility. For instance, it allows someone with an innovative idea and little money to successfully compete against large companies like IBM. A boundaryless organization is an organization that seeks to eliminate the chain of command, have limitless spans of control, and replace departments with empowered teams. By removing vertical boundaries, management flattens the hierarchy and status and rank are minimized. And the organization looks more like a silo that a pyramid, where the grain at the top is no different than the grain at the bottom. When fully operational, the boundaryless organization also breaks down barriers to external constituencies and barriers created by geography. Globalization, strategic alliances, customer- organization linkages, and telecommuting are all examples of practices that reduce external boundaries A feminine organization is an organization characterized by humanistic treatment of individuals, nonopportunism, careers defined through service to others, commitment to employee growth, creation of a caring community, and power sharing....
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Therefore the matrix has a dual chain of command A strength...

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