Copyright 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health Lippincott Williams Wilkins Nursing

Copyright 2013 wolters kluwer health lippincott

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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Nursing Considerations for Xanthines Assessment: History and Physical Exam Nursing Diagnosis Implementation Evaluation
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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Sympathomimetics Albuterol (Proventil, …) Epinephrine (EpiPen) Formoterol (Foradil) Isoetharine (generic) Levalbuterol (Xopenex) Pirbuterol (Maxair) Salmeterol (Serevent) Terbutaline (Brethaire , …)
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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Sympathomimetics (cont.) Actions Beta 2 selective adrenergic agonists Indications Acute asthma attack Bronchospasm in acute or chronic asthma Prevention of exercise-induced asthma Pharmacokinetics Rapidly distributed after injection, transformed in the liver to metabolites that are excreted in the urine Contraindications Depends on the severity of the underlying condition
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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Sympathomimetics (cont.) Adverse Effects Sympathomimetic stimulation CNS stimulation GI upset, cardiac arrhythmias, hypertension, bronchospasm, sweating, pallor, and flushing Drug-to-Drug Interactions General anesthetics: cyclopropane & halogenated hydrocarbons these drugs sensitive the myocardium to catecholamines
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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Prototype Sympathomimetics
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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Prototype Sympathomimetics (Continued)
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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Nursing Considerations for Sympathomimetics Assessment: History and Physical Exam Nursing Diagnosis Implementation Evaluation
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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Anticholinergic Ipratropium (Atrovent) Tiotropium (Spiriva)
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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Anticholinergic (cont.) Actions Anticholinergic that blocks vagally mediated reflexes by antagonizing the action of acetylcholine Indications Maintenance & treatment of bronchospasm associated with COPD Pharmacokinetics Inhalation varies depending on the drug
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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Prototype Anticholinergics
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Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Nursing Considerations for Anticholinergic Bronchodilator Assessment: History and Physical Exam Nursing Diagnosis Implementation Evaluation
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