A property of fairchild fashion media ecotextiles

  • No School
  • AA 1
  • 110

This preview shows page 54 - 56 out of 110 pages.

a property of Fairchild Fashion Media, EcoTextiles Magazine (UK), and the Herald Premium (Spain). 3 Sustainability and Animal Ethics and Welfare in the Textile and Fashion Industries Several authors and organizations have analyzed the impacts of the textile and clothing industry. Some of them are Slater ( 2000 ), Allwood et al. ( 2006 ), Fletcher ( 2008 ), the UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs ( 2008 ), Ross ( 2009 ), Dickson et al. ( 2009 ), and Gwilt and Rissanen ( 2011 ). One speci fi c study has been Fashioning Sustainability A review of sustain- ability impacts of the clothing industry, which Stephanie Draper, Vicky Murray, and Ilka Weissbrod conducted in 2007 for the World Wild Fund, fi nanced by Mark & Spencer. Along this line, we bring the attention, for instance, to how fi ber as a raw material is obtained, the use of pesticides during this process that leads to health problems for workers, causes soil degradation and biodiversity loss. Also attention is drawn to water which is such a vital element in the processing of cotton, in particular, so much so that this crop has been the so-called thirsty crop. In turn, while the use of agrochemicals tends to be reduced, the use of genetically modi fi ed organisms could lead to another type of impacts. Abuses on working conditions are also commonly presented in other stages of these industries; many times, human rights are violated in the so-called sweatshops which are characterized by low wages and long hours. The risks are even greater if safety, security and healthcare systems are not appropriate. In turn, many of the synthetic fi bers are derived from non-renewable resources such as oil. In general, environmental abuse combines with ethical issues when there is an overuse of water and when land for food production is taken over. Considering the whole textile chain from spinning all the way through to fi nishing it cannot be ignored that the use of chemicals may have carcinogenic and neurological effects, may cause allergies, and may affect fertility. During these Sustainability in the Textile and Fashion Industries 49
Image of page 54
processes, large amounts of water and energy are used, and in general, non-biodegradable wastes are produced. In the marketing and sales processes, there are subsidies and quotas with huge impact on developing countries. Moreover, the lack of international regulation on these issues creates a win/lose scenario, and prices should allow for fair pro fi t-sharing throughout the supply chain. All of these stages also involve the use of energy and lots of packaging, as well as the generation of carbon emissions (CO 2 ). The paradox, in this case, is that for survival, the working force depends on a system that seems to be destroying the world s capacity to withstand it. In both textile and fashion design, sustainability is, in general, perceived as an obstacle.
Image of page 55
Image of page 56

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 110 pages?

  • Fall '19
  • Sustainable fashion, Sandra Roos

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors