1.Nara Japan (710-794 C.E.)a.The earliest inhabitants of Japan were nomadic peoples from northeast Asiab.Ruled by several dozen states by the middle of the first millennium C.E.c.Inspired by the Tang example, one clan claimed imperial authority over othersd.Built a new capital (Nara) in 710 C.E., modeled on Chang'ane.Adopted Confucianism and Buddhism, but maintained their Shinto rites2.Heian Japan (794-1185 C.E.)
3.The Tale of Genjiwas written by a woman, Murasaki Shikibu4.Decline of Heian JapanC.Medieval Japan was a period of decentralization1.Kamakura (1185-1333 C.E.) and Muromachi (1336-1573 C.E.) periods2.The samuraiChapter 16: INDIA AND THE INDIAN OCEAN BASINI.Islamic and Hindu kingdomsA.The quest for centralized imperial rule1.North Indiaa.Tension among regional kingdomsb.Nomadic Turks became absorbed into Indian society2.Harsha (reigned 606-648 C.E.) temporarily restored unified rule in north IndiaB.Introduction of Islam to northern India1.The Sind were conquered by Arab Muslims and passed to Abbasids2.Muslim merchants formed small communities in all major cities of coastal India3.Turkish migrants and Islam: Turks convert to Islam in tenth century
a.Some moved to Afghanistan and established an Islamic stateb.Mahmud of Ghazni, Turk leader in Afghanistan, made expeditions to northern India4.The sultanate of Delhi (1206-1526 C.E.)a.Mahmud's successors conquered north India, 1206b.Established an Islamic state known as the sultanate of Delhic.Sultans' authority did not extend far beyond the capital at Delhid.Islam began to have a place in IndiaC.The Hindu kingdoms of southern India1.The south: politically divided but relatively peaceful
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