The fight for reproductive rights David 1994 was The results of self pollution

The fight for reproductive rights david 1994 was the

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struggle for economic, social, and sexual equality. The fight for reproductive rights (David, 1994) was The results of “self-pollution” dramatically illustrated in a nineteenth- century text. Antimasturbatory technology.
T HE S CIENTIFIC A PPROACH TO U NDERSTANDING S EXUALITY 15 one facet of this new wave of feminism. Contracep- tive options were critical, and the right to abort an unwanted pregnancy was seen as a key issue in giving women control over their own fertility. This debate regarding the rights of women versus protection of the developing fetus has yet to be resolved. But once again, technological innovation is likely to change this debate forever, as RU-486 and similar drugs be- come easily available (see chapter 15). A second aspect of the impact of feminism on the history of sexuality involved revelations regarding the many ways girls and women are sexually exploited: the virtual enslavement of many poor young girls into lives of prostitution, as well as the biases in the tradi- tional laws surrounding rape, sexual assault, sexual abuse, and sexual harassment. Feminist women and men around the world have helped change both laws and attitudes concerning these behaviors. A third aspect of feminism’s impact on twentieth- century Western sexuality is increased acceptance of differences in human sexuality: the view that there are many “human sexualities” and that they all are legiti- mate means of sexual self-expression as long as there is no harm or exploitation of self or others. Thus, celibacy, bisexuality, homosexual relationships, het- erosexual relationships, marriage, coparenting, single parenthood, cohabitation, childlessness, and remain- ing single are all viewed as acceptable life choices. What are your attitudes about this perspective? 1.5 THE SCIENTIFIC APPROACH TO UNDERSTANDING SEXUALITY An important approach to understanding human sex- uality involves the application of scientific methods to answering questions about sexuality. A “scientific approach” involves trying to answer questions about sexuality according to certain agreed-upon rules (the scientific method). This is called scientific research. These rules have to do with what kinds of questions are asked, how information is collected to answer those questions, how to evaluate and interpret that information, and how to communicate that informa- tion to other scholars and to those who will use the knowledge to help other people (applied practition- ers). Physicians, sex therapists, marriage and family counselors, and nurses are all applied practitioners who might use new information about sexuality. We should begin by noting that there are lots of problems in conducting sexuality research. There are environmental problems. For example, people with certain political views are opposed to scientific inves- tigations of sexual behavior (Udry, 1993). They be- lieve that sexual behavior is a moral issue or a very private act, and simply should not be examined. Cer- tain religions hold that clergy, not scientists, should be in control of sexual knowledge. In addition, there

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