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The impact is a kill to save mentality in the name of

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The impact is a kill to save mentality in the name of market efficiencyBoaventura de SouzaSantos, Professor of Sociology at the University of Coimbra,Collective Suicide?,2003According to Franz Hinkelammert,the West has repeatedly been under the illusion that it should try tosave humanity by destroying part of it. This is a salvific and sacrificial destruction, committed in thename of the need to radically materialize all the possibilities opened up by a given social and politicalreality over which it is supposed to have total power.This is how it was in colonialism, withthe genocideof indigenous peoples,and the African slaves.This is how it was inthe period ofimperialist struggles,which caused millions of deaths in two world wars and many other colonial wars.This is how it wasinStalinism, with the Gulag andin Nazism, with the holocaust. And now today,this is how it is inneoliberalism, with the collective sacrifice of the peripheryand even the semiperiphery of the worldsystem. With the war against Iraq, it is fitting to ask whether what is in progress is a new genocidal andsacrificial illusion, and what its scope might be.It is above all appropriate to ask if the new illusion willnot herald the radicalization and the ultimate perversion of the western illusion: destroying all ofhumanity in the illusion of saving it.Sacrificial genocide arises from a totalitarian illusion that ismanifested in the belief that there are no alternatives to the present-day reality and that the problemsand difficulties confronting it arise from failing to take its logic of development to its ultimateconsequences.If there is unemployment, hunger and death in the Third World, this is not the result ofmarket failures; instead, it is the outcome of the market laws not having been fully applied.If there isterrorism, this is not due to the violence of the conditions that generate it; it is due, rather, to the fact that total violence has not been employedto physically eradicate all terrorists and potential terrorists.This political logic is based on the supposition of total powerand knowledge, and on the radical rejection of alternatives; it is ultra-conservative in that it aims to
infinitely reproduce the status quo.Inherent to it is the notion of the end of history.During the last hundredyears, the West has experienced three versions of this logic, and, therefore, seen three versions of the end of history: Stalinism, with its logic ofinsuperable efficiency of the plan; Nazism, with its logic of racial superiority; andneoliberalism,with its logic of insuperableefficiency of the market. The first two periods involved the destruction of democracy. The last onetrivializes democracy, disarming itin the face of social actors sufficiently powerfultobe able to privatizethe State and international institutions in their favour. I have described this situation as a combination ofpolitical democracy and social fascism.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Terreri
Tags
Political Science, Political Philosophy, European Space Agency, China National Space Administration

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