Do not give information to impress a clear concise

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Do not give information to impress. A clear concise argument is far more effective in demonstrating your mastery of the literature.
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Background & Significance Background: Tell the reader what he/she needs to know to understand the rest of the proposal . Analysis of Need: State the problem. State why an answer is needed. Identify progress toward an answer. Discuss papers that have raised the question. Current Status: Discuss work that is closest to what you propose. Show that your question has not been answered. Research Need: Give a statement of the problem you intend to solve.
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Question If I ask: Is chondroitin sulfate biocompatible? You will respond with … Say what?
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Research Pyramid Diabetes Optical Finger Prick Insulin Pumps Cure Diagnosis Chemical Artificial Pancreas Genetic Engineering Eye Sub- Cutaneous Spectroscopy Chondroitin Sulfate: Good optical properties, good diffusion properties, etc.
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Preliminary Results Results that you personally produced or Results that your lab has produced Generally have not yet been published Demonstrate: Probability of success Ability to do the experiments
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Methods/Research Plan Detailed design: Experimental apparatus. Protocols to be used. Positive controls Negative controls Data Analysis: Underlying theory. Modeling. Comparison of theory and experiment. Statistical analysis. Organizational Structure and Schedule: Roles of different personnel. Time table of specific landmarks
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Most references will be cited in: Background Preliminary Results Methods
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Miscellaneous Include the date on all drafts of your proposal. Use good grammar, spelling and organization. Make tables and figures as complete as possible. Do not make the reviewer flip back to the text to find out what “Alternative 1” is, or what a particular abbreviation stands for. Do not say simply: “Figure 3: Number of Diabetics vs. Time.” Say: “Figure 3: Number of Diabetics vs. Time. This figure shows that the number of diabetics have increased exponentially in the past 10 years.” Number all pages.
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