Copy of Anthro 41A Final Review.docx

They believe that making money is pleasing god so

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They believe that making money is pleasing God so they begin to work more and attend church more. Dancing, sports, drinking, music and other distractions from work are sinful. o Work is morally good and glorifying to God. Making and accumulating money is a sign of God's approval, but don’t waste it on pleasure, luxury or other forms of sin. Calvinist life revolves around working and attending church -Death of a Miser: painting intending to help Christians choose Christ instead of indulging in money Puritans and Pilgrims: Puritans were unhappy with the Church of England (the Anglican Church). Even though it is Protestant, the Church of England does not follow the teachings of John Calvin and it is controlled by the English monarchy. Puritans, on the other hand, follow the teachings of John Calvin and are unhappy with the monarchy's power. Some Puritans, known as pilgrims, go to America in 1620 and set up colony at Plymouth When did full scale capitalism in Europe actually occur?: Banking, Trade, Finance, were growing during the Middle Ages and this resulted in growth of the middle classes - However, there would be no full-scale capitalism until the bourgeoisie gain political power for themselves in the new capitalist nation-states (such as what happened in The Dutch Republic). Huguenots: French Calvinists who followed the beliefs of John Calvin and frequently challenged the power of the French Catholic monarchy Many Huguenots would flee France after thousands of years and then will become victims of a series of massacres known as the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre approved by the French monarchy Began 1572 after the wedding between King Henry of Navarre (a Huguenot) and Princess Margaret of France (Catholic) Essay Questions: Explain the links between the rising of European middle classes, the Protestant Reformation, Calvinism, the colonization of the Americas and the changes in political power (from nobility to bourgeoisie) during the late 1500s and 1600s. How did these events contribute to the rise of the modern-nation state and capitalism?
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o Money poured in from the Americas that lead to the rapid growth of a European middle class o Calvinism brought new ideas and values that emphasized that the nobility are a problem o Calvinism and the middle class challenged feudal authority and the power of the traditional rulers o This led to the creation of individual nation-states that would replace the feudal system How was the ideology of feudalism challenged by the rise of the middle classes? What sorts of new beliefs and ideals emerged to replace the old “Great Chain of Being?” (Think about Calvinist attitudes about moral worth and wealth). In what sense is the ideology of political freedom or democracy at odds with the ideology of neoliberalism (or capitalism)? o Kings are chosen by a divine power, but the growing middle class challenged this concept by arguing that accumulation of wealth and hard work should choose their leaders o Protestant work ethic: God wants people to work hard and make money, which was what the middle class was doing o
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