Climate can fruitfully be seen as a sub set of

This preview shows page 10 - 12 out of 18 pages.

• Climate can fruitfully be seen as a sub-set of culture (Poole I98S: 84). Moran and Volkwein (1992), commenting on our Danish-Dutch organiza- tional culture study, aptly conclude that our focus on practices means an overlap between the organizational culture and organizational climate con- structs. The difference between practices and climate, as we see it, is that practices can be purely descriptive, while climate, as argued above, has an evaluative connotation. Rososrch MsUiod Access was obtained to the results of an employee survey held in a large Danish insurance company (3,400 employees) in 1988. The insurance indus- try seems to be an attractive field for climate and culture research. Other studies of insurance companies were e.g. reported in Schneider and Snyder (1975), Morgan (1986:121) and Goixlon and Ditomaso (1992). The Danish survey met three objectives: 1. Periodic measurement of employee attitudes, following an earlier sur- vey in 1983 and a sample mini survey in 1986; 2. A diagnosis of the corporate culture and its sub-cultures, allowing a com- parison with the results of the organizational culture study across nine (other) Danish and eleven Dutch organizational units described above, which had just been finished; 3. A study of forces driving and restraining the access of women to higher positions in the corporation. The share of female employees had recently passed the SO pereent mark, but the top fifty management positions were only occupied by males. A committee of' female employees had pressed the management to address the issue of careers for women in the survey, and had acted as a support group in the design of the questionnaire. The survey was carried out by company staff with professional support from the Institute for Researeh on Intercultural Cooperation (IRIC) at Maastricht, the Netherlands. Prior to the composition of the questionnaire, Danish ERIC collaborators held open-ended interviews with a selection of informants from all levels (including the General Manager) and depart- ments of the company: a total of 24 interviews were held (11 men. 13
Image of page 10

Subscribe to view the full document.

Attitudes and Culture 487 women). The interview results were used for determining which issues were relevant for inclusion in the survey questionnaire. The survey questionnaire, in Danish, consisted of 120 questions, divided as follows: • 50 questions about attitudes, for example: *how satisfied are you with the use of your skills in your job?' (5-point scale from 'very dissatis- fied' to 'very satisfied'). Some of these were exact copies of questions used in the company's previous attitude survey rounds, in order to mea- sure trends over time. • 29 questions about values, for example 'how important is it to you to use your skills in your job?' (5-point scale from 'of utmost importance' to 'not important'). Most of these had been used in the earlier cross- national and cross-organizational research projects, but some value-laden beliefs were added in view of the survey's focus on careers for women, e.g. 'In general, women are not interested in taking a management role' (5-point scale from 'strongly agree' to 'strongly disagree').
Image of page 11
Image of page 12
You've reached the end of this preview.
  • Spring '12
  • dr.long
  • Geeit Hofstede

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern