Spring never came and summer never warmed 1816 became

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Spring never came and summer never warmed: 1816 became known as the year without summer. Crops everywhere failed to grow. In Ireland a famine and associated typhoid epidemic killed sixty-five thousand people. In New England, the year became popularly known as Eighteen Hundred and Froze to Death. Morning frosts continued until June and almost no planted seed would grow. Short of fodder, livestock died or had to be prematurely slaughtered. In every way it was a dreadful year-almost certainly the worst for farmers in modern times. Yet globally the temperature fell by only about 1.5 degrees Fahrenheit. Earth's natural thermostat, as scientists would learn, is an exceedingly delicate instrument. ANSWER In 1815 on the island of Sumbawa in Indonesia, mountain Tambora blasted killing a hundred thousand people with its blast and associated tsunamis, and mostly the world existed under a, dusky pall, and crops everywhere failed to grow, so short of food, livestock died or had to be prematurely slaughtered, thus as scientists would learn Earth's natural thermostat is an very delicate instrument. (63 words)
80. As warmer winter temperatures become more common, one way for some animals to adjust is to shift their ranges northward. But a new study of 59 North American bird species indicates that doing so is not easy or quick -- it took about 35 years for many birds to move far enough north for winter temperatures to match where they historically lived. For example, black vultures have spread northward in the last 35 years and now winter as far north as Massachusetts, where the minimum winter temperature is similar to what it was in Maryland in 1975. On the other hand, the endangered red-cockaded woodpecker did not alter its range at all despite the warming trend, possibly because its very specific habitat requirements precluded a range shift. Both of these scenarios could represent problems for birds, La Sorte said. Species that do not track changes in climate may wind up at the limits of their physiological tolerance, or they may lose important habitat qualities, such as favored food types, as those species pass them by. But they also can't move their ranges too fast if the habitat conditions they depend on also tend to lag behind climate. ANSWER As warmer winter temperatures become more common, one way for some animals to alter is to shift their ranges northward, however, doing so is not easy or quick, thus species that do not track changes in climate may wind up at the limits of their physiological tolerance, or lose important habitat potentials, but they also can't move their ranges too fast if the territory conditions tend to lag behind climate. ( 70 words)
81. Here's a term you're going to hear much more often: plug-in vehicle, and the acronym PEV. It's what you and many other people will drive to work in, ten years and more from now. At that time, before you drive off in the morning you will first unplug your car - your plug-in vehicle. Its big on board batteries will have been fully charged overnight, with enough power for you to drive 50-100

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