Pinkerton agency coined the term private eye first

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Pinkerton Agency – coined the term (“Private Eye”) - first private security agency founded in 1851 a. Thwarted an attempt to assassinate President Abraham Lincoln
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b. Ridded the Old West of Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid 103. Private Sector Policing – typical used to police private property and investigate insurance fraud and runaways… know that these are increasing in numbers and what they are used for a. Outnumbers conventional law enforcement b. Controversial as they often hire ex-convicts c. Tend to have underdeveloped training 104. Vigilante Justice – term used for extralegal activities by individuals or groups who take the law into their own hands for the sake of “ law and order” a. Disorderly Lynch mobs – commonly come to mind b. South Carolina Moderators – highly structured 18th century group c. East Texas Regulators – 19 th century 105. Peacekeeping and Maintaining Order – just as important if not more important than crime fighting a. “social” disturbances, drunkenness, group of teenagers in from of house, individuals call the police to maintain a social boundary, to defuse a nasty situation b. 80% of situations require no formal action, police exercise discretion to handle the situation 106. Kansas City Preventative Patrol Experiment – took place from 1972-1973 – revealed that increased patrol did not reduce crime and citizens did not realize patrol was reduced a. Experiment included a.i. normal, proactive, and reactive patrols with no significant difference… know the differences of these a.i.1. Reactive response to call for service 107. Community policing initiative - extends the function of policing beyond crime control to include fear of crime, order maintenance, dispute resolution, tackling social disorder, in partnership with the community in a collaborative effort… several questions on community policing a. 3 main aims of community reform Community partnerships – a.i. require consultation between police and public, and community cooperation as a means of preventing crime, (example: Neighborhood Watch Program) a.ii. Also improve negative public perception of the police a.iii. Changes in the department require the same officers to be sent to the same neighborhoods to develop relationships a.iv. Solving problems a.v. Bringing about organizational change 108. Broken Window hypothesis” – devised by James Q Wilson and George L Kelling… know this a. Wilson and Kelling believed that a broken window symbolized a deteriorating neighborhood and without repair led to eventual decline of an area and increased criminal activity b. This theory made the connection between disorder, neighborhood decay and crime c. Wilson and Kelling believed the police had to intervene at the start of the decline and “nip the problem in the bud” 109. Physical Requirements of Police Officers a. Must have at least 20/80 vision uncorrected b.
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