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Paul’s friend Katczinsky observes the nighttime sky, remarking “mighty fine fire-works if they weren’t so dangerous.” During a particularly heavy shellfirePaul is forced to crawl under a casket in a graveyard for protection. It had been hit by artillery and had opened up. In his search, Paul feels a sleeve andan arm before he remembers he is in a graveyard, then when the shelling finally stops; many a casket is upended and emptied. Paul remarks the dead men have been killed again, but for each dead soldier unburied, one soldier was saved. In chapter 6, the German soldiers discovered their own men had been tortured before dying, eyes cut out and noses cut off. They were then smothered with sawdust stuffed into their noses and mouths. Paul goes on to describe how to hurt a man with a spade, illustrating the tool was better than a bayonet for
killing. He admits men turn into beasts during hand to hand combat, then they revert back to a man when they return to their trench carrying the spoils of victory. Once they heard the cry of one of their own lasting for 4 days. Afternumerous attempts to locate the soldier, with the promise of 3 days leave to whoever found him, he was never located. He talks about burying the dead, sometimes in layers 3 deep.It saddened Paul that the inexperienced soldiers were being sent to the front lines where they were being picked off like flies. They are easily killed because they don’t know how to listen for the light whistle of the daisy-cutters, nor know to scatter for cover instead of bunching up like sheep, nor know to keep their gas mask on until they climb out of the shell hole, above thelow lingering gases. Then there are those critically wounded men, comrades, whoought to be dead but take heroic measures to stay alive. On patrol, Paul crawl’s out in no man’s land, becomes lost and ends up in a shell hole after killing the French soldier who scrambles in. In remorse, he copies down his address so to make amends after the war but once he returns to his comrades, they point out he is here to kill the Frenchman, who is their enemy. Paul also says tanks are the horror of war, great big killing machines. One ofthe greatest horrors of war was seeing his friends die, especially Katczinsky who was more than a brother in arms, he was a soulmate. And of course, the death of Paul himself. How did Paul maintain a sense of dignity during the course of the war? First of all he overcame his shyness of the latrine. All of his friends thoughtnothing of pulling their commode boxes around in a circle to sit in pleasure for2 hours sometimes. Paul said three fourths of a soldier’s vocabulary is derivedfrom his stomach and intestines- it is a universal language.