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Established during reconstruction sharecropping

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Established during ReconstructionSharecropping…Farmers had lost labor forceWhites at first tried to get blacks to sign contracts to work infields- permanent and unrestricted labor (pssst that’s slavery)Sharecropping- landlord provided seed and supplies for ashare of the harvest (usually ½)Gave port southerners opportunity to work a piece ofland for themselvesThey had to be dependant on the landlords or in debtto local merchants(1880) 5% of S. Blacks became independentlandownersnation’s voters worth on theirpolitical party.To what extent wassharecropping an economic andsocial improvement for AfricanAmerican farm workers in theSouth? Defend your answer!It was an improvement in thatthey actually profited from theirlabors other than being fed andclothed. Otherwise, they werestill working in fields, and not inindustrially advancing jobs.5.The North During Reconstruction, pp 300-302Key Concepts & MainIdeasNotesAnalysisEfforts byradical andmoderate Republicansto reconstruct thedefeated Southchanged thebalance ofpowerbetweenCongress and thepresidency and yieldedsome short-termsuccesses, reuniting theunion, opening uppolitical opportunitiesand other leadershiproles to former slaves,and temporarilyrearranging therelationships betweenwhite and blackpeoplein the South.FROM PERIOD 6CONTENT OUTLINE:Gilded Agepoliticswere intimately tied toThe North During Reconstruction…Driven by Industrial RevolutionN focused on railrds, steel, labor probs, and moneyS struggles to reorganize labor systemRise of the Spoilsman…During Grant administration, focused more on materialinterests rather than idealism (like Lincoln)(Early 1870s) Republican Party leaders passed fromreformers (Thaddeus Stevens, Charles Sumner, andBenjamin Wade) to political manipulators (Senators RoscoeConkling (NY) and James Blaine (Maine))Patronage- Gave jobs and favors(spoils) tosupportersCorruption in Business and Government…Bosses wanted to get rich- what’s new?(1869) Wall Street financiers Jay Gould and James Fisk gotPresident's brother in law a scheme to corner the goldmarketTreasury department broke the scheme, but theymade a ton of moneyCrédit Mobilier affair- ppl gave stock to Congress officials sono government officials would snoop around348% increasesFYI: The Grant yearscrossover betweenReconstruction Era and itsissues… to the Gilded Ageand its issues. Some of theobjectives for this section aregoing to be emphasized morein the next unit.To what extent was the Panicof 1873 responsible for theend of Reconstruction.Defend your answer!The Panic certainly stopped thebuilding of railroads andbrought focus to economicsmore than politics, a big part ofthe Reconstruction of
big business andfocused nationally oneconomic issues —tariffs,currency,corporate expansion,and laissez-faireeconomic policythat engenderednumerous calls forreform.

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Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Abraham Lincoln, Emancipation Proclamation, Reconstruction, Test, American Civil War, Ulysses S Grant, Reconstruction era of the United States

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