COMELEC, FRANCISCO S. TATAD, ANTONIO P. CONTRERAS AND AMADO D.VALDEZRespondents.Facts:Grace Poe was found abandoned in a church inJaro, Iloilosometime in 1968. She was adoptedby Ferdinando PoeJ.rand SusanRoces. At the age of 18,Poe was registered as a voter ofSan Juanandwas issued a Philippine passport (year 1988). Poe marriedTeodoroLlamanzaresand flew to the US rightafter the wedding. In 2001, Poe became a naturalized American Citizen and obtained a US passport thatsame year. First quarter of 2005, Poe and her husband decided to move and reside in the Philippinespermanently.On July 2006, Poe took her Oath of Allegiance of the Republic of the Philippines pursuantto RA 9225(Citizenship Retention and Re-Acquisition Act of 2003)Under the same Act, she filed with theBureau of Immigration (BI) a sworn petition to reacquire Philippine citizenship together with petitions forderivative citizenship on behalf of her three minor children on 10 July 2006.On October 2, 2012, Poe filed with the COMELEC her COC for Senator for 2013 elections.wherein she answered "6 years and 6 months" to the question "Period of residence in the Philippinesbefore May 13, 2013. She won.On 15 October 2015, petitioner filed her COC for the Presidency for the May 2016 Elections. Inher COC, the petitioner declared that she is a natural-born citizen and that her residence in thePhilippines up to the day before 9 May 2016 would be ten (10) years and eleven (11) months countedfrom 24 May 2005. The petitioner attached to her COC an "Affidavit Affirming Renunciation of U.S.A.Citizenship" subscribed and sworn to before a notary public in Quezon City on 14 October 2015,Petitions were filed before the COMELEC to deny or cancel her candidacy on the groundparticularly, among others, that she cannot be considered a natural-born Filipino citizen since she cannotprove that her biological parents or either of them were Filipinos. The COMELEC en banc cancelled hercandidacy on the ground that she is in want of citizenship and residence requirements, and that shecommitted material misrepresentations in her COC.On certiorari, the SC reversed the ruling and held (9-6 votes) that Poe is qualified as a candidate forPresidency. Three justices, however, abstained to vote on the natural-born citizenship issue.Issue: Whether or not Mary Grace Natividad Sonora Poe-Llamanzares is qualified to run for the positionof PresidentHeld:Yes. Petitioner MARY GRACE NATIVIDAD SONORA POE-LLAMANZARES is DECLAREDQUALIFIED to be a candidate for President in the National and Local Elections of 9 May 2016.
All put together, in the matter of the citizenship and residence of petitioner for her candidacy asPresident of the Republic, the questioned Resolutions of the COMELEC in Division and En Banc are, oneand all, deadly diseased with grave abuse of discretion from root to fruits.
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President of the United States, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, Joseph Estrada