Purpose of the study the united states criminal

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Purpose of the Study The United States criminal justice system believes that imprisonment is the only effective method of dissuading crime. Nevertheless, the high rates of recidivism in different parts of the country suggest that even extended prison sentences have limited effects on the
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EDUCATION 4 chances of reoffending. Accordingly, the study aims at establishing the effectiveness of CTE programs in prisons to reduce reoffending rates. Research Question The study seeks to answer the following question, What effect does taking CTE courses and obtaining CTE certifications have on recidivism? Literature Review The American society values the provision of education to all individuals regardless of their personal traits. On this note, education and discipline have been the pillars of the American prison system since the early years of the penal structure. However, offering inmates education opportunities raises various challenges, especially to taxpayers. Whereas some people believe that prison systems should punish offenders, others suppose that incarceration centers should rehabilitate offenders to reduce the chances of reoffending (Gordon & Weldon, 2003). An examination of the cost of providing education to inmates against that of keeping offenders behind bars for additional years because of reoffending establishes that educating convicts is the best way to reduce costs. Gordon and Weldon (2003) conducted a study to investigate the rates of reoffending for inmates imprisoned at Huttonsville Correctional Center in West Virginia who took part in educational programs during their time at the facility. The scholars used information from files provided by the educational department of the prison for inmates between 1999 and 2000. The study established that the rates of recidivism for persons who completed the vocational education programs was 8.75% while those who took part in both vocational training and GED programs was at 6.77%. On the other hand, inmates who chose not to participate in any education programs recorded recidivism rates of 26% (Gordon & Weldon, 2003). These results show that participating in educational programs while in prison has
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EDUCATION 5 positive effects on reducing the rates of reoffending for all offenders regardless of the offenses that they committed. Ward (2009) uses secondary information from previous studies on the effects of CTE programs on recidivism. In spite of conflicting findings from the two studies used in the research, the scholars establish that offering CTE programs to inmates is an effective way of reducing the rates of recidivism in the U.S. In principle, CTE education programs prepare prisoners for the outside world; thus, reducing the need to engage in illegal activities to earn a living. A majority of prisoners in the U.S. prisons are convicted of crimes related to lack of income such as burglary, drug peddling, and shoplifting among others. Therefore, enhancing the employability of ex-convicts is critical to dissuading offenders from their unlawful activities, which, in turn, reduce the urge to engage in crime after prison sentences.
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