Table 3.1 Sampling Frame Type of Sample Total Population Sample size SACCO Employees 16 5 SACCO Management 12 4 SACCO Members 4200 254 Total 4228 263 3.5 Data Collection Methods and Instruments. The following data collection methods and instruments were applied in this study. 3.5.1 Data Collection Instruments Data was collected using questionnaire and interview schedules. In formulating research instruments the researcher considered the objectives of the study and the research questions. Data was collected by use of questionnaires administered to employees, management committee and SACCO members. The questionnaire method was mainly employed in primary data collection although observation method was used. The questionnaire method helped in the study to find out what the respondents thought or felt about SACCO performance. Unstructured interviews was employed. These are informal and conversational methods of data collection. The aim is to enable the informants open up and the researcher to stimulate the informant to produce more information. Observation method provides the means of verifying information answered in the questionnaires and a detailed understanding of values, motives and practices of the respondents. With the aid of this method, this research will be able to draw comparisons among respondents from the SACCO that used. Secondary data was collected from society magazines, management reports and other available literature. 3.5.2 Data Collection Procedure The researcher furnished the respondents with an introductory letter certified by the university in order to ensure that the respondents have confidence in the study. The respondents are not required to give their names. This is to make them give accurate and reliable information without 27
any bias. The researcher administered the questionnaire to the respondents and later pick them. The target population are assumed to be literate hence no interpretation required. The questionnaires have both open and close-ended questions so as to collect as much information as possible 3.6 Piloting Piloting was done to test for any ambiguities and inadequacies. The piloting exercise was carried out on three SACCO members, one staff and one management committee member of MUGUNI SACCO society. One of the advantages of conducting this piloting study is to give advance warning about where the main research project could fail. This is anticipated where research protocols may not be followed or whether proposed methods or instruments are inappropriate or too complicated. This piloting study was used as the pre-testing instrument of this research study (Baker 1994). 3.6.1 Validity of the Research Instruments Lacity and Jansen (1994) defined validity of findings as those that make sense, are persuasive and seem right to the reader. According to Polkinghome (1988), validity of a theory refers to results that have the appearance of truth or reality. The results of this research was validated in consultation with the supervisors. Since the researcher will randomly select the respondents, it is
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- Spring '08
- The Land, Cooperative, SACCOs