Buildings have sprinkler systems and fire retardant

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Buildings have sprinkler systems and fire retardant substances to lessen the damage from fire. Financial Measures Financial measures can also play a role in keeping the community safe. They generally take the form of tax levies or abatements. Levies might discourage creation of hazardous conditions and encourage responsible treatment of hazards (like safe waste disposal). A chemical manufacturing plant, for example, might create a threat that the local emergency service units would have to handle. Some jurisdictions place an additional tax levy on such companies to offset the increased cost of preparedness. Other communities require the company to have its own emergency personnel and equipment and to demonstrate through exercises that it can work well with the jurisdiction’s emergency service organizations. There are several ways that engineering measures affect hazards. The Emergency Manager 3-11
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Unit Three: Mitigation Information Information is another tool. In some areas, a potential real estate transaction in the vicinity of a hazard entails hazard disclosure reports. If a house is in a floodplain, the potential buyer needs to know that risk. Another example is labeling of hazardous materials. This has gone a long way toward improving their safe storage and handling. You can serve as a mitigation advocate before policy-making boards both in government and in the private sector. Presentations to lawmakers, civic groups, professional societies, and corporate management are excellent ways to get the mitigation message understood and accepted. How your organization handles public information will affect your overall mitigation strategy. As noted earlier, an important group to which you need to relate well is the media. They can be invaluable allies in promoting your mitigation efforts. They can help inform the public about the possible alternatives available when dealing with hazards. Land Use Planning and Mapping Land use planning is a commonly used tool of mitigation. In one of the better-known mitigation programs of the federal government, the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), effective floodplain management has done a lot to reduce recurring costs due to repeated flooding. Among the mitigation components of the NFIP is risk mapping. This involves assessing the floodplains of a community to determine the effect of different flood levels. In some circumstances, houses and businesses that fall within flood-prone areas are completely relocated out of the floodplain. Land in the floodplain is then used for less vulnerable purposes, such as recreation. Proper labeling of hazardous materials is an excellent example of mitigation. 3-12 The Emergency Manager
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Unit Three: Mitigation Even in areas not prone to flooding, local governments should plan land use very carefully. This is the only sound way to make wise decisions on developing new land for commercial, residential, or recreational use.
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