Over generalization Assume that a few similar events provides evidence of a

Over generalization assume that a few similar events

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Over-generalization Assume that a few similar events provides evidence of a general pattern Selective observation/ confirmation bias Only patterns we see are true Ignore those who do not fit the pattern Inaccurate observation science/ scientific research protects us Take a representative sample, specify it in advance Deviant cases/inconvenient facts- outliers, do not fit the pattern Replication- just because we found something once doesn’t mean the results will always be the same Frustrations with research Research knowledge takes time Outcome, never a single study, cumulative body of knowledge, ongoing process, improve over time Provisional research answers Not fixed, always opportunity for gathering new and better evidence Ex: religious leaders believed that the sun revolved around the earth Chance-like statements Stated in terms of risks And probabilities Involves predictions We never prove things! We reject the null or fail to reject the null Our best options In terms of making decision Media noise machine- selective information All research evidence is not the same Evaluate the methodology
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