Enforcement- Informal agency action: Some of these actions result in bringing formal charges against those who allegedly have violated regulations. many times administrative agencies will work with businesses to improve their practices and avoid formal charges. Agency Prosecutor: All large federal agencies have their own legal staff, which can initiate action seeking civil fines and penalties against violators. these actions are usually brought before an administrative law judge (ALJ) within the agency itself. Usually the federal administrative agency files administrative charges against a company and then settled the case through an agreement. Agencies have inspectors who visit businesses to check on compliance, called search and seizure Even though the violations are almost always civil rather than criminal, the inspectors are still subject to the Constitution. EX: one agency that
causes controversy is OSHA. this agency ensures a safe working environment for Americans. OSHA gives inspectors the power to conduct surprise inspections of the business without a search warrant to determine if OSHA regulations are being followed. EthicsIndividualism and Communitarianism: How do we value both? The constitution talks about the individual's rights. We value community duties through taxes, welfare system, social security, Obama Care. I think individualism is more powerful in the US because you want to make more opportunities for yourself. Because there are so many opportunities here, individualism is more prevalent. Teleology: judge people’s actions based on consequences. Egoism states that each person should decide on a course of action based on what is best for him or her. Utilitarianismstatesthat if an act is good, then is makes it good for everyone else. Deontology: Ethical nature of the act must only be determined by examining the act itself, notits consequences. Universalization: People have duties and have to act on them regardless of the consequences. Judeo-Christian principles: Do onto others as you would want them to do to you. Give people courtesy. Corporate Social Responsibility- Stakeholder Theory: More to a business making profits. Everything that influences a company. Taking care of the many stakes that influence the company will maximize their profits. Very prevalent in the US. Social Contract Theory: Ethically obligated to do more with your company then to make a profit. Employee Privacy: Many companies use sophisticated technology to supervise and evaluatetheir employees. The majority of us businesses now employs some type of drug testing program, often before the employee is hired and sometimes on a random basis during employment. other employers conduct searches of employee lockers or work areas, monitor employee phone calls, and videotape employees at work. Employees are closely monitoring their employees use of texting instant messaging and social media and controlling the amount of time these services are used by employees as well as the content and purposes of the communications.