The following graph shows the labor market in a state

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The following graph shows the labor market in a state in the South. The legislature in this state passes strong "right-to-work" laws that make it very difficult for unions to organize workers, so the wage is always equal to the market-clearing value. Except for this difference in legislation, the two states are very similar. The initial position of the graph corresponds to the initial labor market condition in the southern state before the labor union negotiated the new, higher wage for workers in the northern state. Suppose that after the wage goes up in the northern state, some workers in the northern state lose their jobs and decide to move to the southern state. Which of the following groups are better off as a result of the union action in the northern state? Check all that apply.
7. The theory of efficiency wages Why might some firms voluntarily pay workers a wage above the market equilibrium, even in the presence of surplus labor? Check all that apply PROBLEMS AND APPLICATIONS 1. Problems and Applications Q1 In 2014, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) announced that of all adult Americans, 146,305,000 were employed, 9,617,000 were unemployed, and 92,025,000 were not in the labor force. What is the adult population? .
What is the unemployment rate? 6.2%
2. Problems and Applications Q2
4. Problems and Applications Q4
Between January 2010 and January 2016, U.S. employment increased by 12.1 million workers, but the number of unemployed workers declined by only 7.3 million. True or False: The labor force has remained unchanged.
5. Problems and Applications Q5 Economists use labor-market data to evaluate how well an economy is using its most valuable resource—its people. Two closely watched statistics are the unemployment rate and the employment–population ratio (calculated as the percentage of the adult population that is employed). 6. Problems and Applications Q6 A short-order cook who loses his job when a new restaurant opens across the street is more likely to experience

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