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He fought as a runner, carrying messages. Loved the thrill of war and the sacrifices it came with it ●Developments within the Weimar Republic ○Constitution assembly takes place in Weimar ○Key developments shaping Weimar republic
■Armistice (truce) ■Revolution (communists uprising) ■Creation of democratic government (Weimar republic) ■Atmosphere of “non-defeat” ■Treaty of versailles (The people of Germany blamed the Weimar Republic rather than their wartime leaders for the country's defeat and for the humiliating terms of the Treaty of Versailles) ■Bolshevik revolution ●If russia could fall from communism in a moment of crises, Germans could too therefore many became afraid ○Weimar republic goes into crisis, try to avoid chaos by implementing a new kind of leadership that was decisive while avoiding messy democratic while reviving the economy ●How the Nazis rose to power ○Many who voted from the Nazis were not seduced by propaganda, they saw a vote for the Nazi party in their own best interest ○Majority of Germans did not vote for Hitler in 1892, most people didn’t buy it ○Party was seen as most viable after economic crisis ○Backroom dealings with those who were in power, by handing him the chancellor position was the best way for conservatives to come back into power, even if they didn’t like Hitler ○When people voted for Hitler, they weren’t voting for the genocide of the Jews, they voted against communists that threatened revolution ○Weimar republic goes into crisis, try to avoid chaos by implementing a new kind of leadership that was decisive while avoiding messy democratic while reviving the economy ○Nazi party isn’t actually socialist, they just use the language (“equal rights”) ○“Living space” is used a lot within the writings ○Lots of nationalist language used as well ○You can’t be a part of the nation if you don’t belong to that race ○Socialism: collective unity; class doesn’t matter (in the Nazi’s version) → create new German collectively. This has no relationship to true socialism, however, they used this same nomenclature to attract the true socialists in Germany ○It was the fear of what was going to happen in Germany that created wild search for any kind of political solution at all ○Communism (far left) and Nazism (far right) ○Essentially, many people voted for the Nazi’s because they were terrified of the communists (lesser of the two evils) Section II - Short Identification In a few sentences, identify the terms (think at a minimum, who, what, when, where, and why) and explain their significance in relation to the themes of the class. Six of the terms below will appear on the exam, and you will be required to write on four.
●Article 48 ○Who: President Hindenburg, Hitler ○What: Article of the constitution of the Weimar Republic of Germany that allowed the President under certain circumstances, to take emergency measures without the prior consent of the Reichstag (parliament) ○When: 1919-1933 (Hindenburg used in 1933) ○Where: Germany ○Why: Hindenburg had to use Article 48 to pass almost every law. Hindenburg and Papen