D president roosevelt set aside approximately 125

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d. President Roosevelt set aside approximately 125 million acres of forest land to stem the rapid dwindling of America’s forests due to rapacious timber development. Roosevelt also reserved more land, 194 million acres, for national parks and nature preserves than all of his predecessors combined. Finally, President Roosevelt also successfully urged passage of the Newlands Act of 1902, which allowed the federal government to finance land reclamation projects that transformed vast stretches of arid western land into newly productive soil for settlers through government-sponsored irrigation projects.
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e. President Roosevelt convinced Congress to extend the railroad regulation authority and powers of the Interstate Commerce Commission through the Hepburn Act of 1906. The act permitted the Interstate Commerce Commission to nullify existing railroad rates, stipulate maximum railroads rates, and abolish shipping rebates after investigating a complaint from shippers. Question 9 a. The Elkins and Hepburn Acts did not involve the regulation of municipal utilities and the end of private utility companies. These two federal laws attempted to curtail the corrupt, exploitative, and egregious rate setting practices of the railroad trusts. b. The Pure Food and Drug Act (1906) was designed to guarantee the purity and safety of food and drugs by prohibiting the adulteration and mislabeling of foods and pharmaceuticals. c. Federal protection for natural resources was accomplished through President Roosevelt setting aside 125 million of acres of forest land to prevent further destruction of virgin timberlands. In addition, President Roosevelt encouraged his head of the U.S. Forest Service, Gifford Pinchot, and his fellow foresters and engineers to develop a policy of “multiple-use resource management” that attempted to combine recreation, sustained yield logging, watershed protection, and summer stock grazing on the same expanse of federal land. d. The Elkins and Hepburn Acts had no influence on improving women’s working conditions. The low wages and mediocre working conditions of women did not receive any improvement because of federal legislation during the Progressive era. State reform laws, strikes by women in exploited industries such as the needle trades, and unionization were helpful in providing some modest improvement in the wages, hours, and working conditions of women. e. Correct answer. The Elkins Act (1903) and the Hepburn Act (1906) were designed to curb corrupt, exploitative, and excessive rate setting practices of the railroads. The Elkins Act curtailed the practice of railroads of providing rebates to favored shippers by empowering the federal government to impose fines on both the railroads granting the rebates and the shippers receiving them. The Hepburn Act (1906) restricted free passes to favored shippers and authorized the Interstate Commerce Commission to nullify existing railroad rates and to establish maximum rates following an investigation of a complaint by a shipper.
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