End of Sectin Review Questions Study Group Version

Apartheid whites honorary whites blacks enforce the

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Apartheid – whites, honorary whites, blacks Enforce the rule of law in their territory Authoritative control over policy – who gets what, when, where, and how Monopoly over coercive force ANSWER 2 The Westphalian system replaced empires and royal systems of absolute monarchies in 1648. The reason why the European State system works so well is because of the Westphalian system. Assumptions: 1. Legal equality of all states a. States are equal under international law 2. State has severing power over a given territory a. Cannot change laws or take over a state 3. State has sole representative in international system a. Cannot bring flag and represent (ex. West Covina) 4. State determines citizenship a. Aparthied (whites, colored, blacks, honorary whites (Japanese)) 5. State enforces the rule of law in their territory 6. State has authoritative control over policy- who gets what, when, where, and how a. Monopoly over coercive force The survival of the state and Westphalian system- mutual recognition/reciprocity 1. Recognize one another a. Formal a treaty; alliance; sending ambassador b. Informal custom; habit 2. survived for so long because the dominant view at the time was a maintainer perspective which states that the state is the most important and the most powerful actor in world affairs ANSWER 3 Part 2: Why does it work against global problem solving? Global problem solving requires that states cede some of their sovereignty, which contradicts the setup of the Westphalian system. According to BSO page 24, “ It was exclusive in so far as no ruler had the right to intervene in the sovereign affairs of other nations…supreme in that there was no legal or political authority beyond the state.” Which suggest that states will not cooperate as they aim to maintain their sovereignty and remain independent from the aid of other nations. Part 3: The Westphalian system has survived for such a long period of history due to that it is favorable to the sovereignty of wealthy and successful states. It essentially has led states to act in their own best interests. (Ex: Consider the case of France and Germany's refusal to support the United States in the Second Iraq War. Both countries, as members of NATO, are allies of the United States, but they are also sovereign states, obligated only to their citizenry's best interest.) Nation states continue to dominate the international arena. As BSO states (page 24), “It remains the founding covenant of world
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politics” and has a large influence on the “developmental trajectory of world politics.” However it is transforming with today’s globalization. 4. What is gained by a focus on international relations using the worldviews model and focusing on the four policy worlds? What is lost?
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