In the project description, the IFC asserts that: “land acquisition (for oil palm plantation development) is on a willing buyer-seller basis, and there is no involuntary displacement of any people”, thus implying a land grabbing process without any accountability basis. The peasant movement in BAV is justified by a process of re-concentration of Land that has been underway by of the richest men in Honduras, Miguel Facussé owning approximately 17,000 hectares of land in the area throughout the “Dinant Corporation”, which receives international monetary support from international institutions such as the World Bank and the Inter-American Investment Corporation (IAFC) for the development of plantations and has recently been approved by the CDM in relation to a biogas facility connected to his palm oil plants in Bajo Aguán (DanChurchAid, 2011: 31). There is then a responsibility from those ‘development Banks’ to spur land acquisition for investments, besides the particular case of this Corporation exemplifies the issues concerning international role to businesses involved in human rights violations as well as conflicts related to land rights and food security (Ibid: 26). The major actor in this case is the Dinant Corporation, which is currently producing more than 300,000 metric tons of African palm oil a year, of which almost 70 percent is exported (DanChurchAid, 2011: 27). Meanwhile, the State has played a role not enforcing customary rights of peasants and maintain the ambiguous framework, that leads to arising conflicts of interest and political manipulation are rife in land policy-making, further weaken and make even more complex processes for social inclusion of those neglected communities. Whereas, in the GVP I would add that power relations maintain an equal base, where all stakeholders such as the small-scale land holders participate and have property rights over land. Their land acquisition titling dates from 1982, and it is based on traditional and customary use. The GVP project tested an integrated regional economic development approach based on the promotion of small-scale production and local use of biofuels projects in marginal rural areas in Honduras. b) Approach role: As stated earlier in the theory, ‘the corporate and governmental drivers of biofuel production increasingly base their characterizations of land, such as ‘marginal lands’ or ‘idle lands’ as narrative that ultimately justify the appropriation of land for investments.
32 The process of neoliberalization and accumulation is increasingly underway in Honduras, framed within legal structure having a favorable stance to the corporate-State interests. To illustrate, on 30 August, the Honduran Supreme Court decided to revoke the Zelaya government decree, “18-2008” (DanChurchAid), which established that peasants who had worked a piece of land for more than 10 years were entitled to receive titles for the land.
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