The constitution and the new republic framing a new

This preview shows page 2 - 3 out of 3 pages.

We have textbook solutions for you!
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Business: Its Legal, Ethical, and Global Environment
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Chapter 5 / Exercise 8
Business: Its Legal, Ethical, and Global Environment
Jennings
Expert Verified
The Constitution and the New Republic Framing a New Government 1. Who were the advocates of centralization, and why did they want to alter or abolish the Articles of Confederation? The advocates of centralization were Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and George Washington. They wanted to alter or abolish the Articles of Confederation because they believed that the government needed to be stronger in order to create a more stable country and in order to get the power to tax. 2. What did those who favored centralization see as the most serious problem of the Articles, and how would they have changed them? What had prevented these changes? Those who favored centralization saw the government’s lack of power to tax as the most serious problem of the Articles. They would have changed this problem by overthrowing the Articles at the Annapolis conference, but these changes were prevented by the lack of delegates present at the Annapolis conference. 3.What were the characteristics of the men who met at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia? 4. What were the two major points of view that divided the convention? What plans did each side propose to carry its view? The two major points of view that divided the convention were the Virginia Plan, in which legislature was to have two houses and be based on population (favoring the larger states), and the New Jersey Plan, in which legislature would have one house and have equal representation (favoring the smaller states). 5. How were the differences between the “large state” and the “small state” plans resolved? What other issues divided the convention, and how were they resolved? The differences between the “large state” and the “small state” plans were resolved through the Great Compromise, which called for a two-house legislature, with one house having representation based on population, and the other house having equal representation. Other issues included the debate over the representation of slaves as part of the population and taxation on slaves as property. These issues were resolved through the agreement that each slave would be counted 3/5 of a person, determining the basis for representation and taxation. 6. What was to be the role of various branches of government under the new Constitution? The executive branch would represent the nation and be able to veto acts of Congress. The Judicial branch would judge all cases and the federal courts would be protected from the other two branches, since judges would serve for life, and the legislative branch would create all laws.
We have textbook solutions for you!
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Business: Its Legal, Ethical, and Global Environment
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Chapter 5 / Exercise 8
Business: Its Legal, Ethical, and Global Environment
Jennings
Expert Verified

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture