Increase gluconeogenesis lipolysis stress resistance

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Increase gluconeogenesis & lipolysis, stress resistance, depresses immune Fx Aldosterone (Mineralocorticoids) Zona Glomerulosa Kidneys Regulates Na+ / K+ levels, Regulates BP Increases Na+ & water, Decreases K+ Androgens (Androstenedione) Zona Reticularis Ovaries & Testes Axillary & pubic hair growth, sex drive, Menopausal Estrogens Synthesis & Secretion: Kidneys Hormone Target Organ Function Calcitriol (Active form of Vitamin D) Kidneys Aids in dietary absorption of Ca+ and phosphorus Erythropoietin EPO Bone Marrow (Osteoblasts) Stimulates Red Blood Cell production
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16 Synthesis: Pancreas Secretion: Alpha, Beta, Delta & F cells Hormone Target Organ Function Insulin (BETA Cells) Liver Increases glycogen stores, facilitates glucose intake into cells, lowers blood sugar Glucagon (ALPHA Cells) Liver Breaks down glycogen into glucose, raises blood sugar levels Somatostatin (DELTA Cells) Inhibits secretion of Insulin & Glucagon Slows nutrient Absorption in GI Tract Pancreatic Polypeptide (F Cells) Digestive System Inhibits Somatostatin Secretion, Gallbladder contraction, & secretion of pancreatic digestive enzymes Male Reproductive Two chamber sac which holds the testes Maintaining proper temperature for sperm production o Dartos muscle – smooth muscle o Cremaster muscle – skeletal muscle
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17 ADH Regulation 6. 4. 3. 2. 5. 1.
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18 T3 & T4 Regulation 1. 5. 4. 3. 2.
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19 6. 5. 2. 4. 3. 1.
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20 Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone Pathway 8 . 3 . 2 . 1 . 16 . 15. 14. 13. 12. 11 . 10. 9. 7. 6. 5 . 4.
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21 Aldosterone A decrease in Blood volume and Blood Pressure stimulates the juxtaglomerular cells of the kidneys to increase secretion of: 1. __Renin _ Renin combines with the Angiotensinogen from the liver to convert to 2. _Angiotensin I_ Which is converted in the lungs by ACE to form 3. Angiotensin II Which results in vasoconstriction of arterioles and it targets the 4. Adrenal Cortex To secrete 5. Aldosterone
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22 Wiley Plus Questions Which of the following comparisons of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and the somatic nervous system (SNS) is not true? The SNS contains motor neurons which are excitatory and inhibitory Which organ is matched incorrectly with either its sympathetic or parasympathetic ganglion? Urinary Bladder – Superior Mesenteric ganglion Which of the following sympathetic responses is mismatched with its body part? Liver-increased glycogen synthesis Which would be an example of a condition in the body not controlled by autonomic reflexes? Tracking a bird flying by The sympathetic division will increase heart rate Acetylcholine is released at the neuromuscular junction, within the sympathetic and parasympathetic ganglia Stimulation of muscarinic receptors can increase & decrease the activity of organs Which of the following is NOT a sympathetic prevertebral ganglion? Ciliary ganglion Chromaffin cells have the same embryological origin as the sympathetic postganglionic cells Release of Acetylecholine by postganglionic cells will increase digestion Nicotinic receptors in the postsynaptic cell membrane may depolarize a cell.
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