Allegro Andante moderato Minuet and Trio Allegro Symphony No 92 in G Major

Allegro andante moderato minuet and trio allegro

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AllegroAndante moderatoMinuet and TrioAllegro
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Symphony, No. 92 in G Major (Oxford, 1789)Performed at Oxford when Haydn received an honorary doctorate in 1791This work illustrates the basic principles of symphonic structure.
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First-movement formFirst movements typically alternate stable and unstable periods.Stable periodsStatements of the primary, secondary, and closing materialUsually in balanced, four-measure phrases set off by cadences
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First-movement formUnstable periodsMainly transitions and developmentsOften scored for full orchestraCharacterized by bustling rhythmic energy, sequences, modulation, overlapping phrases, and avoidance of cadencesSlow introductions are usually unstable.
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Views of first-movement form
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ExpositionOpening themeUsually repeated immediatelyTurns of harmony often steer the music in a new direction.Transition or bridgeThe harmony modulates to the dominant or relative major or minor.Usually loud with dramatic, rushing figures
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ExpositionSecond thematic sectionUsually lightly scored, melodically distinctive, and harmonically stableMost symphonies of the 1770s and 1780s have contrasting material.In later symphonies, Haydn based the second thematic section on the opening material.
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ExpositionClosing sectionThe exposition ends with the full orchestra playing a cadential, repetitive, vigorous figure.The material may recall earlier themes, but it is usually distinct from the primary and secondary subjects.Sometimes the secondary key section is devoted to the closing material.
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DevelopmentRarely introduces new thematic ideasBegins with a restatement of the opening subject, transitional material, or one of the other subjectsMotives from the exposition are manipulated, often in counterpoint.Abrupt changes and sudden silences are frequent.Over the course of his career, Haydn increased the length and artfulness of the development.
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RecapitulationAn extended dominant pedal often precedes the recapitulation.Sometimes Haydn disguises the arrival.The opening statement is frequently rescored.All the material of the exposition returns in the tonic.Haydn often intensifies and animates the transition by simulating a modulation.The secondary and closing themes may be given more emphasis than in the exposition.
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Other movementsSlow movementTends to feature a calm and gentle melody
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Slow movementCommon formsSonata form without repeatsTheme and variationsABAThe Oxford has a songlike theme, a dramatic middle section in the tonic minor, and an abbreviated reprise.Minor sections and quiet codas are common in Haydn’s later symphonies.
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Minuet and trioShorter and more popular than the other movementsThe overall structure is ABA: minuet–trio– minuet.
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