Represent the people and scrutinize the

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Represent the people and scrutinize the activities/budget of the government - Principle of Parliamentary sovereignty: only parliament can make or unmake civil laws thus ensuring the rule of law and inconsistent judge-made law. - Legislation is better made in parliament rather than courts as : o Parliament is prospective thus enabling them to make laws in relation to future outlooks o No dispute is required in order for a law to be created o Community input can be sought and acted upon o Accounts for different interests - Commonwealth Parliament o Lower House : House of Representatives Made of 150 members each representing an electoral division 1 term = 3 years Party with the most reps forms the government , Prime minister is from its house o Upper house : Senate States house 76 Senators 12 per a state 2 per a territory 6 year term for state senators , 3 year term for territory senators - New South Wales Parliament o Upper house : Legislative Council o Lower house : legislative Assembly Downloaded by Katarina Yelavich ([email protected]) lOMoARcPSD|2485950
pg. 19 Creation of Acts (commonwealth and New South Wales parliament} Page 19 PROPOSAL A proposal is put forth to make, change or remove a law by a member of parliament DRAFTING OF BILL As a result of the proposal a Bill is drawn up FIRST READING The Bill is presented/read in summary to the lower house of the corresponding parliament (CNW/ST) by the proposing member of parliament. The lower house will then discuss the bill and vote on the bill. If majority rule against it it proceeds no further if majority rule for it it proceeds to the upper house SECOND READING The bill is re-read to the upper house in detail and debated within the houses once more. A vote is cast if majority rule to decline it moves back to the lower house where they may amend it or forego it. A majority vote moves to the next step ROYAL ASSENT The bill must first receive the Royal Assent form the queens representative COMMENCEMENT Once it has received the RA the Act is commenced on the date set out (immediately or future dated ) Deadlocked bills - (s57) House of Reps passes a bill and the Senate rejects or fails to pass it or passes it with amendments to which the House of Reps will not agree, wait three months and House of Reps again passes the Bill and the Senate rejects or fails...the Governor- General may dissolve both Houses simultaneously - If after the dissolution the House of Reps again passes the Bill and the Senate rejects or ...the Governor-General may convene a joint sitting. If an absolute majority then the Bill is duly passed by both Houses and goes for Royal Assent. - Constitution act 1902 NSW o s 5A Appropriation for Annual Services: If Legislative Assembly passes, Legislative Council rejects or...the bill may be presented to the Governor for Royal Assent. The Legislative Council is taken to have failed to pass if the Bill is not returned within one month.

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