The war raged on for 8 years Characterized by WW1 style warfare Chemical

The war raged on for 8 years characterized by ww1

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The war raged on for 8 years Characterized by WW1 style warfare Chemical weapons Over a half million dead, many more wounded
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Last prisoners of war exchanged in 2003 Even after nearly a decade of war, the borders never changed Young Iran As the old guard of Iran is aging, a large young population is gaining traction Alcohol Music Western ideals What does this mean for the future of Iran? Reformists vs. Hardliners Should the U.S. encourage reformist movements? The states of Former Central Soviet Asia  Kazakhstan - territorially  larger than the other five combined  situated astride an ethnic transition zone Turkmenistan -  closed and dictatorial,  important frontage on Caspian Sea,  borders Iran and Afghanistan Uzbekistan -  most populous, in the heart of the region Kyrgyzstan -  chronically unstable, wedged between powerful neighbors  Tajikistan -  regionally   and culturally divided as well as strife-torn Fractious Afghanistan Geography and history have conspired to divide Afghanistan Towering Hindu Kush range dominates the center of the country Three broad environmental zones:  well-watered and fertile northern plains & basins rugged, earthquake-prone central highlands; desert-dominated southern plateaus Kabol (Kabul), capital, linked by narrow passes to the northern plains and by the Khyber Pass to Pakistan What is Islamism? A movement of "Muslims who draw upon the belief, symbols, and language  of Islam to inspire, shape, and animate political activity;" which may contain  moderate, tolerant, peaceful activists, and/or those who "preach intolerance  and espouse violence.“ Essentially, politicized religion. Using religion to gain and exert power.  Taliban Taliban - ‘seekers’ or students of religion Arrived in Afghanistan from religious schools in Pakistan Aim to end Afghanistan’s chronic factionalism and endemic corruption Instituted strict Islamic law Popular support in war-weary country, among Pushtuns  Supported by the US in response to the communist threat 1996 the Taliban had taken Kabul Imposition of Islamic (Sharia) law was strict and severe  Objections by Islamic and non-Islamic countries Restrictions on the activities of women  Ended professional education  Restricted employment  Freedom of movement
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Public amputations and stonings enforced the Taliban’s code al Qaeda al-Qaeda - a terrorist organization  Osama bin Laden’s return to Afghanistan coincided with the Taliban’s  conquest of Kabul
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  • Fall '13
  • CameronMeyer
  • Islam, Civil War, Saudi Arabia, Persian Gulf

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