Culture: not all cultures emphasize individual rights and justice, some, like Hindu emphasize duty and responsibility to others o Kohlberg mostly applies to Western culture, and men at that. Beyond Kohlberg’s Theory o Carol Gilligan criticized Kohlberg’s theory as being geared to Western men, who stress a justice ethic Western women stress the ethics of care o Results show very small gender differences Adolescents and adults of both genders will reason based on care or justice The situation affects whether and which reason dominates Promoting Moral Reasoning o Exposure to higher level reasoning o Open discussion of moral dilemmas with someone (e.g., parents) who reasons at a higher level Especially helpful when the more advanced partner paraphrases the other’s viewpoint to highlight possible inconsistencies/issues o Religious involvement and communities May promote a sense of duty to others and concern for others 6
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- Fall '14