Observe others from a different perspective than we

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Observe others from a different perspective than we observe ourselves o When our action feels intentional and admirable attribute it to our own good reasons o When recalling our past we become like observers (Pronin & Rosss, 2006) - Camera perspective bias o Influenced people’s guilt judgments even when the judge instructed them not to allow this to happen - Perspectives change with time
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o As the once-visible person recedes in their memory observers often give more and more credit to the situation - Self-awareness theory o A self-conscious state in which attention focuses on oneself o Makes people more sensitive to their own attitudes and dispositions more self-conscious o When our attention focuses upon ourselves attribute responsibility to ourselves o People whose attention focuses on themselves view themselves more as observers typically do attribute their behavior more to internal factors and less to the situation - Cultural difference o Western world-view predisposes people to assume that people cause events dispositional attribution o People from Eastern Asian cultures are more sensitive to the important of social situations situational attribution - Two steps model of attribution (Gilbert, Pelham & Krull,1988) o Categorization of the behavior what is the action o Categorization of the actor automatic process dispositional attribution o Correction for situational constrains controlled process situational attribution o People are cognitively busy the controlled process suffers more than the automatic process o Subjects were told to listen to a pro- or anti-abortion speech Were further told that the speech may not reflect the speaker’s personal belief Were asked to diagnose the target’s true attitudes regarding abortion When subjects were cognitively busy were more likely to say that the speech reflects the speaker’s true attitudes
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