Barriers to collective efficacy residential

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Barriers to collective efficacy Residential instability leaves people unattached to neighborhood and limits any continuity. Economic and racial stratification creates power differences and communities are are unable to realize common values Economic disadvantage limits ability to participate Criminal justice interventions can disrupt informal social control.
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Empirical Support Strong link for all indicators of social disorganization Correlated to higher crime and higher victimization Collective efficacy Support for the impact of high collective efficacy and decreased crime.
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Limitations Explains only macro factors Cannot predict who will commit crime, just where it is likely to occur Types of data used not always accurate What is a neighborhood?
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Policy Implications Community oriented strategies Promoting social ties among community members Community policing Housing based neighborhood stabilization Economic investment in communities
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Policy Implications Limitations of Policies and Programs Many are promising, but community strategies often require multiple solutions Evaluating policies and programs is very complex Overuse of one type of control may impede other types of control
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  • Winter '18
  • Sociology, Social Disorganization Theory, Neighborhood Control, Early Social Disorganization

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