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Finance Ch. 5 Solutions

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5,000,000  500,000 = $4,500,000 (d) 10,000,000  500,000 = $9,500,000 12) (a) (250,000  125,000)  $75,000 = $50,000 (b) (500,000  125,000)  $75,000 = $300,000 (c) (1,000,000  125,000)  $75,000 =$800,000 (d) (1,500,000  125,000)  $75,000 = $1,300,000
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13) (a) Net income forecast = 12%($800,000) = $ 96,000 Dividend forecast = 40%($96,000) = 38,400 = retained earnings forecast 57,60 + BB RE 250,000 = Forecast of end-of-year retained earnings $307,600 (b) Net income forecast = 8%($800,000) = $ 64,000 Dividend forecast = 15%($64,000) = 9,600 = Retained earnings forecast 54,400 + BB RE 250,000 = Forecast of end-of-year retained earnings $304,400 (c) Net income forecast = 5%($800,000) = $ 40,00 Dividend forecast = 75%($40,000) = 30,000 = Add to retained earnings forecast 10,000 + BB RE 250,000 = Forecast of end-of-year retained earnings $260,000 (d) Net income forecast = 8%($800,000) = $ 64,000 Dividend forecast = 100%($64,000)= 64,000 = Add to retained earnings forecast 0 $250,000. 14) (a) Net income forecast = 3%($4,500,000) = $ 135,000 Dividend forecast = 80%($135,000)= 108,000 = Add to retained earnings forecast 27,000 + Beginning retained earnings 6,000,000 = Forecast of end-of-year retained earnings $6,027,000 (b) Net income forecast = 7%($4,500,000) = $ 315,000 Dividend forecast = 25%($315,000)= 78,750 = Add to retained earnings forecast 236,25 + Beginning retained earnings 6,000,00 = Forecast of end-of-year retained earnings $6,236,250 (c) $6,000,000. (d) Net income forecast = 14%($4,500,000) = $ 630,000 Dividend forecast = 40%($630,000) = 252,000 = Add to retained earnings forecast 378,000 + Beginning retained earnings 6,000,000 = Forecast of end-of-year retained earnings $6,378,000 15) (1) Forecast sales : given as $80,000. (2) (a) Variable : all of cost of goods sold and $5,000 of operating expenses.
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(b) Fixed : all of depreciation expense and the remainder of $3,000 of operating expenses. (c) Spontaneous : all of cash, accounts receivable, inventories, net plant, accounts payable, and accrued expenses. (d) Discretionary : marketable securities, bonds payable, and common stock. (3) Determine relationships (a) Variable costs Cost of goods sold: 45,000 = 64.29% 70,000 Operating expense: 5,000 = 7.14% 70,000 (b) Spontaneous accounts Cash: 8,000 = 11.43% 70,000 Accounts receivable: 10,000 = 14.29% 70,000 Inventories: 6,000 = 8.57% 70,000 Net plant: 20,000 = 28.57% 70,000 Accounts payable: 7,000 = 10.00% 70,000 Accrued payables: 3,000 = 4.29% 70,000 (c) Other Interest rate: 1,300 = 13.00% 10,000 Tax rate: 3,745 = 35.00% 10,700 Dividend payout ratio: 3,000 = 43.13% 6,955 (4) Project new values (a) Variable costs Cost of goods sold: 64.29%($80,000) = $51,432 Variable operating expense: 7.14%($80,000) = $5,712 Total operating expense = 5,712 + 3,000 = 8,712 (b) Spontaneous accounts Cash: 11.43%($80,000) = $ 9,144 Accounts receivable: 14.29%($80,000) = 11,432 Inventories: 8.57%($80,000) = 6,856 Net plant: 28.57%($80,000) = 22,856 Accounts payable: 10.00%($80,000) = 8,000 Accrued payables: 4.29%($80,000) = 3,432 (c) Other
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Interest expense: 13.00%($9,500) = $1,235 (5) Sales $80,000  CGS 51,432 Gross profit 28,568  Operating exp. $8,712  Depreciation 5,000 13,712 EBIT 14,856  Interest exp. 1,235 EBT 13,621  Tax exp. 4,767 EAT $ 8,854  Dividends 3,819 Add to RE $ 5,035 Pro-Forma Balance Sheet 12/31/12 Cash $ 9,144 projection Marketable securities 2,000 discretionary Accounts receivable 11,432 projection Inventories 6,856 projection Plant, net 22,856 projection TA $52,288 A/P 8,000 projection Accrued payables 3,432 projection Bonds payable 9,500 projection CS 15,000 discretionary RE 16,035 From pro-forma income statement 51,967 External financing needed 321
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