3.Several writers presented their scripts to the board of critics. 4.the foreign visitors brought gifts for the governor. 5.The teacher explained the science experiment to the students. 6.A gentleman should open doors for ladies. 7.During the offertory, we offer ourselves to God. 8.The class president introduced the speaker to the audience. 9.The irate readers wrote letters to the editor. 10.The class sent relief goods to the flood victims. V. REINFORCEMENT EXERCISE 1: Identifying Prepositions and Prepositional Phrases. Underline the prepositional phrase and encircle each preposition. Number one is done. 1. Not far from this village, there is a little valley, among the high hills, which is one of the quietest places in the whole world. 2. Others say that an old Indian chief held his powwow there before the country was discovered by Hendrik Hudson. 3. Certain it is, the place still continues under the sway of some watching power that holds a spell over the minds of the good people. 4. The whole neighbourhood abounds with local tales, haunted spots, and twilight superstitions. 5. Stars shoot and meteors glare more often than in my other part of the country. 6. The chief spirit that haunts this region is the ghost of a figure on house back without a head. 7. It is said by some to be the ghost of a Hessian trooper whose head had been carried away by a cannon ball during the Revolutionary war. 8. He is sometimes seen by the country folk, hurrying along in the gloom of night near a church of the neighbourhood. 9. Some say that the body of the trooper had been buried in the churchyard and the ghost rides forth to the scene of battle in nightly search for his head. 10. The spectre is the Headless Horseman of Sleepy Hallow. EXERCISE 2: Distinguishing between Prepositions and Adverbs 19
20 ENGLISH for CULTURAL LITERARCY III Identify the underlined word in each sentence as preposition, write PREP. on the answerline and encircle its object. If it is an adverb, write ADV. on the line. Number one and two are done. 1. The campers actually went up the hill. 2. When the dancers went away, we left as well. 3. The bull suddenly turned around and charged. 4. The Atlantic was a city below the sea. 5. The antique chair was in good condition. 6. A blossom fell off the cherry tree. 7. The scent went down behind the mountain. 8. For dinner, the young couple went out and had a leisurely meal. 9. He would frighten them with his stories of witchcraft and with the fact that the world did absolutely turn around. 10. Around the world I have searched in pursuit of truth. 11. We climbed slowly up; the steps were sleep. 12. Below were our companions, breathing heavily. EXERCISE 3: Using Prepositional Phrases Complete each of the following sentences, using a prepositional phrase that provides the function indicated in the parentheses. Underline the prepositional phrase used.
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