Elsewhere gregory also emphasized negation as a

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another) with physical causation (whereby events follow from one another). Elsewhere Gregory also emphasized negation as a characteristic limited to human language, which is often replaced in communication between organisms by another kind of juxtaposition or by a manipulation of logical levels to achie ve metamessages. (The dog cannot say, ―I will not attack you.‖ He can, however, use the behaviour that signals the intention to attack in the context of contradictory signals, alternating aggressive and submissive behaviour, thereby achieving the message ― This is play, there is no need to be afraid.‖) Throughout Creatura the logical types are important, but the confusion of logical types also plays a parting the syntax. I suspect that confusions and contradictions of logical type limited to linguistic communication function differently from those that spill out into other types of communication, and this is why the double binds that create pathology always involve non-linguistic and contextual elements. Lastly, as compared to all other kinds of communication, human linguistic communication emphasizes messages whose primary function is referential, messages that report on the state of some ―it‖ (which may, of course, be the ―I‖ that is the source of the message), rather than messages of command and injunction what one might think of as a preoccupation with messages in the third person, as opposed to ―talk of thee and me.‖ Humans, with their manipulative hands, have specialized in describing what they can affect. Human language is thus very far from any other biological mode of communication, so it has properties that make it unlike those other modes and more suitable to talking about Pleroma. Have we Pleromatized language?
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Or have we rather crated a bizarre hybrid that is true to neither world? By a curious twist, the ultimate sophistication of Creatura is the capacity to communicate in a new way about Pleroma and to miscommunicate about Creatura. The basic thesis of the book, it seems to me, is the recognition that whereas it has been important in the evolution of language and the history of science to develop areas and styles of discourse that will fit the description of Pleroma, it is essential if we want to describe and respond to what goes on in Creatura to work with a semantics and a syntax that fit the subject matter. Since all of Creatura is within Pleroma, [[p_190]] Pleromatic language will be strictly accurate I do have five fingers, at the skeletal level my and is made of separate things in batches of five, and these material objects are all sitting there capable of being dissected, counted, weighted, measured, and analyzed chemically. But none of those activities will be very illuminating if we wish to answer the other set of questions what it means to have a hand, how an organism manufactures one in its epigenesist, how a hand resembles a foot or a paw or a flipper. To answer these questions, we need a semantics appropriate to Creatura, which must consist of differences, and a syntax
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  • Fall '19
  • Gregory Bateson

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