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Clashed with british army felt feared that they would

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clashed with British army; felt feared that they would lose jobs Lots of hand-weavers originally 1820: 250,000 1850: <50,000 In 1750, Britain shipped less than 5 million pounds of cotton in a year By 1850, 588 million pounds Couldn’t get enough fuel to keep up with demand creation of railroads : first on wood; hard to move coal (would be moved by horses); created lots of jobs: building, bridges, stations, engineers; made industrial production cheaper; newer conception of time, space, & speed; a sense of national identity Watt’s steam engine : by 1800, his patent expired; started being applied to a variety of tasks Richard Trevithick : steam-driven carriage George Stephenson : father of the modern railroad; made wheels smooth & cartwheels grooved; improved Trevithick’s version; 1829, won 500 British pounds said his steam engine could pull a load 3x its own weight at 30mph 1830, first implementation of modern railway (Manchester to Liverpool) Got trains to get people to go from one place to another; faster, more convenient, cheaper 6,000,000+ people visited Crystal Palace Exhibition in 1851 via railroad; a world fair: presentation of lots of new inventions II. Society and the Industrial Revolution Lots of discipline: whips, lateness – there would be beatings; employees & inspectors saw workers as filthy, in poor health, & promiscuous; lots of people weren’t a fan of work-day reduction to 10 hours (mainly with child labor) In agricultural cultures; families would work together (parents & children); worked as an economic unit
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