Meanwhile at Detroit the schooner Huron broke through Inidan lines with fresh

Meanwhile at detroit the schooner huron broke through

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summer. Meanwhile at Detroit, the schooner Huron broke through Inidan lines with fresh men and supplies. To Pontiac's dismay, the Indians began to lose interest in the seige of Detroit. The French never delivered the help they had led the Indians to expect. And with winter coming, men became worried about providing food for their families. The warriors dispersed. Pontiac clung to his cause for some time to come. He traveled farther west, where there were fewer forts and fewer settlers, and continued to preach Indian unity. Then in 1766, he negotiated a peace accord with Sir William Johnson, friend to the MOWHAWK, and was pardoned by Britsh officials. He returned to his village on the Maumee River. During a trip west to Illinois in 1769, he was killed by an Illinois Indian, who, it was thought, was in the pay of the British. Although Pontiac had been counseling peace to younger members of his band, the British had continued to distrust him and to fear his great leadership abilities. Pontiac would also be remembered by many great Indian leaders to follow. Men such as Joseph Brant (see MOWHAWK), Little Turtle (see MIAMI), Tecumseh (see SHAWNEE), and Black Hawk (see SAC) would also call for unity among the tribes of the Old Northwest, but not against the British. The new enemy would be the Americans. THREE HOMELANDS: The Ottowa living in Michigan had to struggle against non-Indian enroachment to hold onto their ever-shrinking land base. One group agreed to land cessions in exchange for reservation lands in Kansas, where they lived from 1831 to 1867, after which they relocated to a small tract in the northeastern Indian Territory. They now are federally recognized as the Ottowa Tribe of Oklahoma. A number of Ottowa bands still on Michigans lower peninsula maintain tribal identity, some with federal trust status and resulting benefits. The Ottowa in Ontario have a number of small reserves on Manitoulin Island and Cockburn Island. In recent years, there has been renewed tribal unity among the various groups and a resurgence in traditional Ottowa culture. The Ottowa Tribe of Oklahoma sponsors an annual powwow on Labor Day weekend, at which Ottowa ways are celebrated.
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