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Psychology in Action

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preventable cause of death and disease in the United States. Cocaine, which was once considered relatively harmless, is now known for its potential for physical damage, severe addiction and psychological dependence. 3. Opiates- Opiates or narcotics, such as morphine and heroin, numb the senses and are used medically to relieve pain. They are also called opiates because they are derived from opium, the juice of the opium poppy. They produce their effect by mimicking the brain’s own natural painkillers, called endorphins and they are highly addictive. 4. Hallucinogens - Hallucinogens, like LSD or marijuana are commonly known as “psychedelics” and produce sensory or perceptual distortions, including visual, auditory, or kinesthetic hallucinations. After years of research, researchers and the public continue to debate the possible ill effects and its effects are dosage dependent. Negative consequences include impaired memory, attention and learning, and an impact on the brain similar to highly addictive drugs. Therapeutic uses have been found including the treatment of glaucoma and alleviating nausea associated with chemotherapy. Research Highlight: Addictive Drugs as the Brain’s “Evil Tutor” – Do addictive drugs “teach” the brain to be addicted? The role of neurotransmitters including dopamine and glutamate are explored. Psychology at Work: Club Drug Alert – The drug Rohypnol (the date rape drug) and MDMA (ecstasy) and their effects and potential dangers are discussed. . IV. HEALTHIER WAYS TO ALTER CONSCIOUSNESS Instructor’s Resource Guide                          Chapter 5                                                 Page  151
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A. Meditation - Meditation is a group of techniques designed to focus attention and produce a heightened awareness. Meditation can produce dramatic changes in physiological processes, including heart rate, oxygen consumption, brain waves, and respiration. A simple meditation exercise in “Try This Yourself” section is demonstrated. B. Hypnosis - Hypnosis is an alternate state of heightened suggestibility characterized by narrowed, highly focused attention, increased use of imagination, a passive and receptive attitude, decreased responsiveness to pain, and heightened suggestibility. Five common myths are discussed - forced hypnosis, unethical behavior, exceptional memory, superhuman strength, and fakery are debunked. It is employed as a respected clinical tool by physicians and dentists to reduce pain and increase concentration, and by therapists as an adjunct to psychotherapy. T eaching R esources SECTION I – UNDERSTANDING CONSCIOUSNESS Learning Objectives # 1-2 Lecture Lead-Ins # 1 Active Learning Activities #’s 5.1 & 5.5 Brain-Based Learning Activities # 5.1 Gender and Cultural Diversity Activity # 5.1 (1) Instructor’s Resource Guide                          Chapter 5                                                 Page  152
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SECTION II – SLEEP AND DREAMS Learning Objectives # ’s
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