The poor is being restricted and not able to rise up

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different than social Darwinism. The poor is being restricted and not able to rise up. They become dehumanized and de evolves. Fank Norris, Jack London, Stephen Crane. Upsten Claire is the best, The Jungle, emigrant families working in the meat packing industry. Socially didn’t have an impact. I was aiming for people’s hearts but I hit them in the stomach. II. The “Indian Reform” Movement: primarily 1890s. Part of progressive. A. Helen Hunt Jackson: A Century of Dishonor (1881), Ramona (1884) : Prompted by her. A Century of Dishonor, is a historical book, Ramona is the fictional narrative to cover the same ground. Both books address government injustices to the Native American. Reaching this audience that doesn’t like histories. Basically describes how Americans have broken every treaties. B. “Reforming” U.S. Policy: better treatment on reservation -- Dawes Severalty Act (1887) The Dawes Act. Eliminated tribal honor ship of land and allotted tracks to individual Indians. There chance to become farmers on their own. Good for them sense of individual pride. Tribal land was threatened, assimilating Indians into white society.
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C. “Reforming” Native Americans: Americanizing, Christianizing, educating, and pride of property. Assimilation huge part. Never fully assimilated into white culture. III. Native American Response to Assimilation A. Sitting Bull (Sioux): Part of: Battle of little big horn, custard’s last stand, crazy horse, 1883, sitting bull wrote a letter and complained. He tried to assimilate but was thwarted. B. Geronimo (Apache): C. Wovoka (Paiute) religious revival to regain the waning ways of Native Americans. -- “Ghost Dance” Ecstatic mystical dance that was performed at various gatherings at Sioux and Paiutes. Coming native messiah that would save them. End in 1890, group o native Americans, 380, tensions broke out, 40 whites died, 300 Sioux were killed, including woman and children, Wounded Knee. D. Sarah Winnemucca (Paiute): E. Zitkala-Sa (Sioux): audience for this book: Atlantic Monthly, White college educated. Rule of Religion: it’s a conformer
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