Classical Order the Architectural Orders are the ancient styles of classical

Classical order the architectural orders are the

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Classical Order - the Architectural Orders are the ancient styles of classical architecture, each distinguished by its proportions and characteristic profiles and details, and most readily recognizable by the type of column employed. Three ancient orders of architecture—the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian—originated in Greece. Classicism - clash of cultural ideas and styles that are common in the arts and architecture of ancient Greece and Rome Continuous Narrative - A continuous narrative is a type of narrative that illustrates multiple scenes of a narrative within a single frame. Multiple actions and scenes are portrayed in a single visual field without any dividers. The sequence of events within the narrative is defined through the reuse of the main character or characters. Contrapposto - the disposition of the human figure in which one part is turned in opposition to another part (usually hips and legs one way, shoulders and chest another), creating a counter positioning of the body about its central axis. Sometimes called "weight shift" because the weight of the body tends to be thrown to one foot, creating tension on one side and relaxation of the other. Corinthian - relating to or denoting the lightest and most ornate of the classical orders of architecture, characterized by flared capitals with rows of acanthus leaves. Cosimo de’ Medici - a well-connected family, Early in the 15th century, the banker Giovanni de' Medici had established the family fortune. His son Cosimo expanded his family's dominance in financial circles, which led to considerable political power as well. This consolidation of power in a city that prided itself on its republicanism did not go unchallenged. In the early 1430's a power struggle with other elite families led to the family's expulsion from Florence. In 1434 the Medici returned and used their tremendous wealth to commission art and architecture an a scale rarely seen. The Medici were avid humanists. Cosimo began the first public library since the ancient world, and historians estimate that in some 30 years he and his descendants scarcely let a great architect, painter, sculptor, philosopher, or humanist scholar escape the family's notice. Cosimo was the very model of the cultivated humanist. His grandson Lorenzo, called "the Magnificent," was a talented poet himself and gathered about him a galaxy of artists and gifted men in all fields, extending the library Cosimo had begun and revitalizing his academy for instructing artists. Lorenzo also participated in what some
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have called the Platonic Academy of Philosophy, and lavished funds on splendid buildings, festivals, and pageant. The Medici war such grand patrons of art and learning that, to this day, a generous benefactor of the fine arts is often called "a Medici." Doric - one of the two systems invented in ancient Greece for articulating the three units of the elevation of a classical building - the platform, the colonnade, and the superstructure. The Doric order is characterized by, capitals with funnel-shaped echinuses, columns without bases, and a frieze of triglyphs and metopes.
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