14.Research has shown that the general guideline for establishing the frequency of practice sessions is that [more and shorter] or [fewer and longer]sessions are preferable. 15.If intertrial intervals are shorter than the length of a practice trial, then the practice schedule is considered to be a ________ schedule.
16.Learning _______ skills seems to be hindered by practice in a distributed schedule. 17.The term overlearningrefers to engaging learners in additional practice after they have achieved a specified performance criterion. 18.Research has shown that the overlearning strategy benefits the learning of all types of motor skills. 19.The classic study by Longman and Baddeley, which involved the training of postal workers to perform a keyboarding skill, demonstrated that distributed practice is better for learning than massed practice when it applies to the length and distribution of practice sessions. 20.The results of the experiment by Dail and Christina in which novice golfers practiced putting, the massed practice group accurately predicted their retention test performance during the practice trials. 21.When the study of practice distribution refers to the length of the intertrial interval during a practice session, there is general agreement about the definitions of the terms massedand distributed . 22.When the study of practice distribution refers to the length of the intertrial interval, one of the problems has been that researchers have generally failed to consider the relationship of the type of skill to the practice distribution effect. 23.Massed intertrial interval schedules lead to better learning for continuous skills than distributed schedules.
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- Spring '08