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Who benefits most from each practice?ii. How did the Reagan administration violate congressional instruction and stated administration
policy in its decision to fund the Contras?iii. Why did the Soviet Union struggle during the 1980s and how did those problems ultimately cause its dissolution by 1991?ii. First Gulf War, 1991- began one day after the UN’s Jauary 15 deadline for Iraqi withdrawal from Kuwait, Operation Desert Storm opened with massive air attacks on command centers, transportation facilities, and Iraqi forward positions, the air war destroyed 40-50% of Iraqi tanks and artillery by late February, the attacks also seriously hurt Iraqi civilians by disrupting utilities and food supplies, the 40 day rain of bombs was the prelude to a ground attack, on february 24, 1991, allied forces swept into Iraq, Americans, Saudis, Syrians, and Egyptians advanced directly to liberate Kuwait, a cease fire came 100 hours after the start of the ground war1. Iraq and Kuwaitiii. “War on Drugs”- the American war on drugs was simultaneously shaping US policy in the Caribbean and straining relations with Latin America, as presdent George Bush parlayed the war on drugs into war on Panama during his first year in office, extending the American tradition of ousting uncooperative governments around the Caribbean, General Manuel Noriega, the Panamanian strongman, had once been on the CIA payroll, he had since turned to international drug sales in defiance of US anti-smuggling efforts, this led to the invasion of Panamaiv. Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990- created to prevent discrimination against people with physical handicapsv. Immigration Act of 1990- increased the number of immigrants allowed in the US each year, also created a lottery system that created a random number of visas, this was done to help immigrants from countries where the US did not often grant visas, the modifications also removed homosexuality as a grounds for exclusion from immigration
vi. North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), 1992- more recent steps to expand the global reach of the US economy were the NAFTA, in 1993 and a new worldwide General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) approved in 1994, negotiated by George Bush and pushed through congress in 1993 by democrat bill Clinton, NAFTA combined 25 million Canadians, 90 million Mexicans, and 250 million US consumers in a single “common market” similar to that of western Europe, this enlarged free trade zone was intended to open new markets and positioned the US to compete more effectively against the European community and Japanvii. Economic Problems and “Read My Lips, No New Taxes”viii. Election of 1992- the mid- 1990s brought a new generation into the political arena, the members of “Generation X”(generation born after the postwar baby boom) came of voting age