Playing the imperial powers to their advantage Iroquois confeds o Trying to

Playing the imperial powers to their advantage

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Playing the imperial powers to their advantage Iroquois confeds: o Trying to gain control of Great Lakes o Already show their dominance o System of diplomacy o 5 nations: o Mohawks o Onondagas o Oneidas o Cayuga’s o Seneca’s o “Covenant chain” o Good trade relations o Gift exchange Lecture 9 Chickasaw, Creek, Cherokees alliances with English Choctaw with French Southeast Queen Anne’s War o England, France, Spain o Erupts overseas o English in Charlestown tell Indians to attack Spanish in Florida Spanish retaliated by bombarding Charlestown o English slave traders incite Indians to take captives from Florida Tuscarora’s mainly They move to become 6 th nation of Iroquois Nation
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Fighting in 1740’s King George’s War English in Carolina and Georgia o Incite Indians to attack settlements in Florida Creek raiders with guns captures about 12,000 o Creek see it’s not sustainable Move into Florida to join those leftover of who they destroyed basically Create SEMINOLES: “ethno-genesis” creation of new ethnicity By 19 th century, Seminole chiefs are African North Captive taking redeemed or adopted o End up with captivity narratives Dominant during French and Indian War o Took 1600 captives Many tribes trying to stay neutral during wartime Colonial towns booming o 250k in 1700’s to 4 million in 1800’s Mid 1700’s colonial population outweighs Indian 1761 English gain upper hand 1763 French relinquish lands o Some to British British take positions as power to Indians Fur diminishing Over hunting Euro shifting market Delaware prophet Neolin: the enlightened one Receives message from heavens His fellow men are suffering from alcoholism Black drink ceremony: high caffeinated drink, made from holly tree o Used to revitalization o Made them vomit o Only men partake o This would make their minds clear and thus making proper choices
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Ottowan Chief Pontiac Takes Neolin’s message Pan-Indian rebellion in motion o Not much accomplished o Sets stage for future pan-Indian movements Proclamation Line of 1763 By British Follows Appalachian mountains West of mts was Indian country Used to keep settlers out Also used to end abusive trade practices Settlers resented British for it o Didn’t stop them from going to Indian country Was ineffectual Brits chose to implement to stop any future wars
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  • Fall '08
  • Staff
  • History, The American, Native Americans in the United States, ........., Hernán Cortés

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