Principles of Marketing Exam #1 - Answer Key

69 briefly discuss how marketers measure return on

Info icon This preview shows pages 11–13. Sign up to view the full content.

69. Briefly discuss how marketers measure return on marketing investment, explaining why this figure can be difficult to assess. a. Answer: Marketing ROI (return on investment) is the net return from a marketing investment divided by the costs of the marketing investment. In other words, ROI is a measure of the profits generated by investments in a marketing activity. Marketing ROI can be difficult to assess because the benefits of marketing are not always easily translated in dollar amounts. However, marketing ROI can be assessed in terms of brand awareness, sales, or market share. Some companies are now using marketing dashboards, which are single displays showing several sets of marketing performance measures. And beyond standard performance measures, many marketers are using customer—centered measures such as customer acquisition, retention, and lifetime value. 70. Compare the selling and marketing concepts, listing the key components of each philosophy. a. Answer: The selling concept reflects an inside-out philosophy, while the marketing concept takes an outside-in perspective. The selling concept is typically practiced when an organization is marketing products or services that buyers do not normally think of purchasing, such as insurance or blood donation. Aggressive selling focuses on creating sales transaction rather than on building long-term relationships with customers, with the aim of selling what the company makes rather than making what the customer wants. The 11 | P a g e
Image of page 11

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Principles of Marketing Examination #1 marketing concept, on the other hand, is based upon identifying the needs and wants of target markets and then satisfying those needs and wants better than competitors do. In contrast to the selling concept, marketing focuses on the customer, not the product, and the path to profits. 71. Briefly explain the societal marketing concept. Give an example of an organization that has effectively used the societal marketing concept. a. Answer: According to this concept, firms will succeed if they take underlying consumer needs and society's well being into account over the long term. A pure marketing concept can damage consumers' long-run welfare by focusing exclusively on satisfying consumers' short-run wants. Over a long period of time, this too-narrow focus can be damaging to the company. In setting their marketing strategies, marketers today need to balance company profits, consumer wants, and society's interests. Johnson & Johnson is an example of a company that has successfully implemented the societal marketing concept. The organization stresses honesty, integrity, and putting people before profits, an ethic that helped Johnson & Johnson quickly address and recover from the poisonous tampering of Tylenol capsules in 1982.
Image of page 12
Image of page 13
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern