Recommended safer sex practices safer dry kissing

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Recommended Safer Sex Practices • Safer: dry kissing, oral sex with a condom, touching • Less Risky: vaginal or anal intercourse with a condom, wet kissing • Risky: Oral sex without a condom • Greatest Risk: vaginal or anal intercourse without a condom
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20 Condoms are very effective at reducing HIV transmission
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21 %tages of HCW exposures to patient body fluid by type of exposure 1981 - 2002 National Institute for Occupational Safety HCW = 1449
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22 Risk of HIV Infection from Exposure Fig 6.8
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Figure 6. 8b: Health care workers infected with HIV at work Percentages of HCW Exposures by occupation of the worker that led to HIV Infection 1981-2002
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24 Universal Precautions • A set of infection control practices developed by the Centers for Disease Control in which health care workers use barrier protections for anticipated contact with blood and certain body fluids for all patients • Barriers: gloves, gowns, masks, and eyewear where appropriate
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25 Universal Precautions, cont’d 1. The hands and skin must be carefully washed when contaminated with blood or certain body fluids 2. Care is taken to prevent injuries caused by sharp instruments 3. Resuscitation devices should be available when the need is predictable 4. Health care workers with exudative lesions should refrain from patient care until the condition resolves
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