Other businesses will work with police to prevent

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Other agencies/organization/private businesses will work with police to prevent crime Policing behavior Research on racial profiling New York City Maryland Philadelphia Richmond Police Discretion Police Brutality Police Corruption What is racial profiling? Do police officers racially profile? Research in New York City African Americans are 23% more likely to be stopped than whites (Engel 2002). This was most prominent in white neighborhoods (Engel 2002). This pattern of disparity not explained by neighborhood crime rate and likely explained by discrimination (Engel 2002). Further research on NYC study by Fagan & Davies (2000) attempted to predict further pedestrian stops of blacks, whites, and Hispanics based on precincts . They concluded, “policing is not about disorderly places, nor about improving quality of life, but about policing poor people in poor places Research in Maryland Engel, Calnon, and Bernard, 2000 Blacks & Whites violate traffic code at the same rate. Blacks represent 17.5% of the population & 72% of stops and searches (disproportional). The researchers conclude---police acted discriminatory.
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Research in Philadelphia In a study involving pedestrian and automobile stops and detentions: It found that a considerably higher percentage of African-Americans were stopped and detained than whites. They concluded that substantial racial disparity reflected the officers discrimination. Research in Richmond Petrocelli et al. 2003 Police stops were significantly higher in areas with higher crime rates Searches were more prevalent in neighborhoods that were characterized by a high percentage of Blacks Overall In conclusion: Racial profiling is an ongoing problem that seems to have no ending insight. The studies that have been shown are only a few of the hundreds available. Police Discretion What do we mean by discretion? Is the use of discretion by the police a good thing or a bad thing? Criteria that police use to make discretionary decisions Legal criteria Seriousness of the offense Known prior offenses Evidence Extra-legal criteria Socio-demographic factors Race Social class Gender Age Demeanor What the victim wants to happen Donald black studies: Black victims are more likely to want the perpetrator arrested More recent studies show that race is still a factor (this varies by department) but this is not a strong factor as it has been in the past Cumulative effect: as offenders are processed through the cj system Wickersham commission Detailed several instances of police brutality Think back to the need to exert authority and to a lesser extent the background of many police recruits.
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However, in spite of some widely publicized cases, studies have shown that police brutality is for the most part limited to few officers.
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