1 historical document marks period of crisis in

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1. Historical Document: marks period of crisis in America. Looking back it is historical but people that wrote it they knew that too. 2. Legal Document: legalizes the rebellion. Law in the eyes of the beholder. English said not valid 3. Public Relations Document: articulates its grievances against England. The king not English Parliament did this to us, etc.
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They don’t want to offend people in England so they are targeting the king and using him as a scapegoat. 4. Literary Document: Official American government which Spain and France can ally with. Jefferson chosen because he is rhetorically skilled. 5. Enlightenment Document: embodies Locke’s ideas of government. No taxation without representation. King doesn’t necessarily have to do that. 6. American Document: obviously, it is modeled on other documents but it is unique, it tweaks Locke emphasizes rights, equality, and happiness. 7. Problematic Document: not all were in agreement people to loyal to England, disagreement of what freedom means. Broad about whole human existence. Who is free? 1920 Women right to vote. C. The Federalist Papers: James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay (under pseudonym Publius) Federalist paper were written as a whole by many people. Supported by John Adams, Franklin, Washington 1. Supportive of new Constitution: replacement of articles of federation, provided very limited power. Couldn’t regulate commerce, could not raise a national army, and money for the military, could not make states obey about anything. 2. Opposed to Antifederalists (incl. Patrick Henry(give me liberty or give me death), Richard Henry Lee, Thomas Jefferson, Robert Yates): against federalist and constitution. Worried it would obliterate the state, increase taxes, threatened individual liberty. Basic mistrust to handing over too much power. Bill of Rights is the legacy. 3. Opposed to Factionalism: same thing as an interest group, group of congregation that stand opposed. A particular subject that they are pushing. Can be a majority. Regulate the factions: by removing its causes, the other by controlling its effects. Removing causes: destroying liberty and giving every citizen same passion, ideas, etc. Impractical. Faction effects are controlled: Let ambition counter ambition. Pit the factions against each other. Madison sees easily enough allowed by articles of confederation. He wants the new constitution that has
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a balance of powers. Leads to the ratification of the Constitution, Primrary author to Constitution same as Articles; Madison D. The Constitution 1. Constitutional Convention (1787): revision of Articles of Confederations 2. Compromises: a. large states vs. small states: -- Virginia Plan: all states are represented by population alone, advantage of Virginia. Madison favored -- New Jersey Plan: Votes should be according to state. SO everyone equal. Compromise: House of Representatives: based on population The senate: two per state.
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