only give them a few more days of life. At one point, Jochebed and Sarah even acknowledge how strange it is for all the people to talk about death so calmly. They say that the human instinct is to live so that the course of action they should take should be the one that will result in the most likelihood of survival. Because many members believe that they are doomed, they believe counteraction will give them an honorable death. Mordecai ends the conversation by saying that they must understand their conditions and begin counteraction when the first Jew is seized. He says they must fight with pride in honor of the the people who have endured sorrow and affliction. ● The Jews were given the choiceless choice of fighting back and dying with honor, or fleeing into the woods and possibly surviving for just a little longer. The end of the document proclaims that character and pride of the movement must be maintained until the end. This signifies that Jews should not willingly give in and die at the order of the Nazis, and should fight with pride for the Jewish people. ● People believe that their death is imminent. This can be seen in Chaim's passage on 349 where he says: "The preponderant majority of the ghetto and also our family are doomed to death. We are condemned." Due to this philosophy, the idea is that they can either counter attack the Germans or flee to the woods and postpone their death, "two to three days later" as Isaac says on pg. 248. The main difference between the two ways of death comes down to honor. Enoch believes that
they should die an honorable death and not flee to the woods. He believes that if they flee to the woods they will survive and suffer like vagrants while ultimately dying anyway. Chaim counters this point by saying honor should not be a factor and only surviving the horrible circumstances should matter. This applies to all diaries - Individuals maintained personal diaries recording the horrors of daily life. The importance of these works cannot be overstated. Written at the time of the events described, or shortly afterwards, they have an immediacy and reality that survivors, sometimes writing years later, were not always able to recreate. They provide an authentic and reliable source of the daily anxieties, deprivations and torments through which their authors lived. Chaim Kaplan’s diary Background ● written in end of 1940 through 1941 ● Written for the struggle to be remembered ● Writing this was Kaplan’s means of resisting ● This could be related to spiritual resistance, narrowing of choice (could be applied to personal struggle vs. communal activity) ● Kaplan was a teacher and founded an elementary Hebrew school, of which he was principal for the next forty years. . Although Kapaln has a perspective and knows he is writing for history, his manuscript is mostly reportorial.His diary is more than just a recorder of events He writes in a wry, almost sarcastic style that makes his point effectively as he blasts the Nazis, Polish and Jewish collaborators, corruption in the ghetto, etc.
- Summer '07
- The Holocaust