10 wpa works progress administration formed in 1935 a

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10. WPA: Works Progress Administration formed in 1935, a New Deal program that employed nearly eight million Americans. WPA projects included the construction of schools, roads, and hospitals. Unemployed artists and musicians were also employed by the WPA. WPA artists painted many of the murals found in public buildings, concerts were given for both urban and rural audiences, and plays were performed for audiences who had never seen one before. The WPA took people who were on relief and employed them for thirty or thirty fivehours a week.
11.The Wagner Act: In 1935, Congress passed the National labor Relations Act, or Wagner-Connery Act. The act guaranteed labor’s right to organize unions and to bargain collectivity for better wages and working conditions. The act established the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB). 12. Social Security Act: New Deal legislation founded in 1935, which created a retirement planfor workers over sixty five years old. Both workers and employers paid into this retirement fund. The first payments were scheduled to be made in January 1942. It should be noted thatthe initial social security legislation did not cover agricultural and domestic workers. Other provisions of this act established a program that provided unemployment insurance for workers who had lost their jobs, this was paid for by a payroll tax that was imposed on all employers with more than eight workers. At the root of the Social Security Act was the concept that it was the job of the federal government to take care of those who couldn’t take care of themselves. This was a fundamentally new role for the federal government to have, and it justified the worst fears of many opponents of the Roosevelt administration. 13. Good Neighbor Policy: In Franklin D. Roosevelt's 1933 inaugural address, he spelled out his policy of mutual respect toward Latin America, which became know as the Good Neighbor Policy. To back up his words, Roosevelt signed a treaty with Cuba that canceled the Platt Amendment, which had given the United States the right to intervene in Cuban affairs. In 1936 he gave up the U.S. right to intervene in Panama. U.S. companies played a central economic role in Latin America. They also had tremendous political power. The companies made alliances with Latin American landowners and politicians and often played a direct role in governing the countries in which they operated. Many Latin Americans resented the economic and political power of the large U.S. companies. 14. Neutrality Acts: Congressional legislation passed in the period attempted to keep America out of future wars between other powers. The Neutrality Act of 1935 stated that if countries went to war, the United States would not trade arms or weapons with them for six months, in addition, any nonmilitary goods sold to nations at war would have to be paid for upfront and would have to be transported in non-American ships. On September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland, and two days later England and France declared war on Germany. Within

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