53 the four truths of buddhism the four noble truths

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5.3 The four truths of Buddhism The Four Noble Truths are key beliefs on suffering and are as follow: (1) The universality of suffering, experiencing birth; aging; death, which is the deliverance, suffering defines the nature of being. (2) The origin of suffering, false desires of the senses that causes clinging to the impermanent world helps to develop various aspects of being (3) The overcoming of suffering, and also help develop aspects of being (4) The way leading to the suppression of suffering and indicates a practical way to deliverance from suffering, Yamamoto (1994:n.p.) . 5.4 The eight path of Buddhism The Path: 8
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1. Samma-Ditthi — right view or understanding . Vision of the nature of reality, and the path of transformation , John Allan (2014:n.p.) . 2. Samma-Sankappa — right thought or attitude, acting from love and compassion. Having a heart and feeling mind that are free to practice letting go , John Allan (2014:n.p.) . 3. Samma-Vaca — right speech . Communication that is clear, truthful, uplifting and non-harmful , John Allan (2014:n.p.) . 4. Samma-Kammanta — right action . An ethical foundation for life based on the principle of non-exploitation of oneself and others , John Allan (2014:n.p.) . 5. Samma-Ajiva — right livelihood. The basis of an Ideal society based on correct action the ethical principal of non-exploitation , John Allan (2014:n.p.) . 6. Samma-Vayama — right effort or diligence. Consciously directing our life’s energy to the path of transformation and healing action to promote wholeness , John Allan (2014:n.p.) . 7. Samma-Sati — "right mindfulness". Developing awareness, "if you hold yourself dear watch yourself well". Levels of Awareness and mindfulness - of things, oneself, feelings, thought, people and Reality , John Allan (2014:n.p.) . 8. Samma-Samadhi — concentration, meditation, absorption or one- pointedness of mind . The deeper level of meaning goes further and represents the establishment, not just of the mind, but also of the whole being in various levels or modes of consciousness and awareness , John Allan (2014:n.p.) . 5.5 Definitions of Buddhism Concepts 5.5.1 Karma 9
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The Buddha’s concept of karma is the effect of relating to a spiritual realm in a person's life of actions mastered through previous existences. But the Buddha did not believe there is a self or soul that is reborn. He taught that at birth there is a rearrangement of the elements of a person's identity, which are called the "self" — much as a "chariot" is a name for a certain grouping of parts that can be rearranged to be something else while still comprising the same parts, Yamamoto (1994:n.p.) . 5.5.2 Nirvana This is, according to McDowell and Stewart (1982:309) , the final goal to the Buddhists. The Buddha explains that nirvana is actually the end of rebirths which means that the identity of an individual is caused to cease.
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